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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Практикум по чтению на английском языке
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  • Иностранные языки

Практикум по чтению на английском языке

библиотека
материалов

Практикум по чтению на английском языке

Бhello_html_m16915b09.gifуквы

Аhello_html_3df5c751.pngа

Аhello_html_3df5c751.pngа в открытом слоге = [eI ]

  1. hello_html_3df5c751.pnghello_html_3df5c751.pngName, game, cake, lake, plane, crane, date, plate, brave, face, lazy, name, skate, snake, take, able, fable, sable, fate, late, make, behave, mistake, debate

  2. hello_html_m442ea9f5.pngbake game Kate sane wake snake

hello_html_3df5c751.pnghello_html_47b48cc0.pngcane Jane late rake skate make

date take mane take fate sane

fame pale name tale vane made

Аа в закрытом слоге = [ æ ]



  1. Bag, ant, hand, map, cap, cat, lamp, sack, damp, fan, can, angry, bad, bag, black, can, dad, fat, have, has, hat, man, rabbit, sad, lap, tank, gas, bat, had, mat, sat, began

  2. am cap jam rack band fat

and dab Jack Sam can hand

bad dam lab tag pan that

a + r (+ согласная ) = [ a: ]



  1. Bar, car, star, park, spark, arm, farm, part, hard, cart, chard, nark, large, scarf,

dark, art, alarm, apart, army, market, hardly





  1. arc cark hark mart arch tart

cart jar nark art darn Mark

dark par bar lard parch barb

dart marc park bark far march

bard marsh farm mark Bart garb

card garn pardon tarn car hard

harm arm carp hart nard army

a + r + гласная = [ eə ] ( перед e буква r не произносится)

bare hare fare care

mare rare dare pare

square share tare compare

hello_html_747219ba.gifvary parents various prepar



Обобщающие упражнения



  1. man – mane hat – hate

can – cane tag – take

Dan – date van – vane

mate – mate cap – cape







2)

[ el ]

[ æ ]

bake cane date fame

game hate Jane Kate

late lace lake lame

make mane name pace

page pale pane pave

rage rake sane shade

shake skate save tale

take vane wake face

cake plane crane plate

Ann bad band black

can cap dad fat

flag hand had Jack

jam lamb land lack

lab lamp lap man

mass mat pack pan

rag rat rack map

sat tank tap van

sack damp cat ant



3) Base, arm, jam, fact, face, late, rat, bark, flag, hare, race, sharp, date, black,

mark, lack, back, hard, dare, save, barn, man, dark, slate, jar, fade, van, gave,

gaze, arc, can, bake, change, shade, care, fame, rack, sank, tank, shake, stage,

lark, game, square, and, mark, lazy, baby, garden, carpet, mare, fare, daring

4) late tank hate bad rake

Jack skate flag fame lane

Jane sat wake lamp fat

lab cane cat date black

hand name rat can shake



5) name sad tram arm park

rabbit star back army animal

cat bag snake game bad

lamp that family cabbage carrot

hat black skate apple car

cake jam take farm dark

stamp late age happy sandwich

fat face flag dad hard

man thank parrot table farmer

paper party smart stand carry



6) Sharp, cake, cap, jacket, sad, place, jam, angry, tram, snake, skate, brave, arm, game,

farm, date, park, dark, hand, hard, star, man, make, mark, thank, party, late, hare,

battle, parrot, smart, age, table, start, share, garden, carrot, compare, carpet, prepare



Ehello_html_m7b3484b9.pnge

Ee в открытом слоге = [ i: ]



  1. Pete, he, me, she, be, we, mete, heme, feme, breve, eve





Ee в закрытом слоге = [ e ]



  1. Help, leg, merry, pet, bed, pen, pencil, hen, red, seven, ten, tennis, well tent, bell, belt, step, web, egg, yes, met, end, letter, seldom, error, express, event, attend

2) bed deck lend pen tell well beg

egg men pet ten west bench get

met red tent wet cent hen neck

set text chess jest peck shed vex

e +r ( + согласная ) = [ 3: ]



  1. Her, berth, term, person, perch, derma, herb, chert, service, refer, reserve, observe, infer, eternal, insert, reversal, immerse

  2. erg verb kern pert germ hers per Serb

err herb jerk per serf nerve herd perch

term serve person perk tern herm kern perm



e + r + гласная = [ lə ] ( перед e буква r не произносится)

here era merely

sere mere sphere

zero severe period







Обобщающие упражнения



  1. Be – bed she – shed he – hen we – wet me – met

2)

[ i: ]

[ e ]

be bee geese peep seen

he been keel peel teem

me beet keen reef weed

we deed keep reel week

she deep meek seek weep

Pete feel need seem sheet

bed jest pet

beg lend shed

bench men text

deck neck tent

fell red vex

get pen well



3 ) he we help Bess zebra red hen these

bed sere Pete well tennis men text best

bee here leg mere seven egg check very

she see yes Jess yellow Rex chess get

her pen pet tree pencil neck letter merry

4) Bell, he, hen, text, best, egg, teddy, merry, dress, let, bee, prefer, see, yellow, tree,

she, left, get, ten, check, here, seven, evening, red, men, help, her, shelf, chess, pencil,

forget, pen, we, leg, neck, these, letter, tennis, lesson, hero





Ii

Ii в открытом слоге = [ aI ]



1) Bike, five, fine, I, like, lion, nice, bride, nine, line, pie, smile, pine, pilot, kite, mine,

hello_html_m5d5321ad.pngtiny, stripe, ride, time, life, invite, define, arrive, provide, final, minus, rifle, sidle

2) bike fine mine mile

dine hi like nine

five kite life pine



Ii в закрытом слоге = [ I ]



  1. Big, fish, his, is, it, its, in, pig, pink, sing, sit, six, skip, slim, stick, swim, think, milk, pin, film, kiss, mill, lip, tin, Jim, begin, differ, distant, since, simple, piston

  2. big did ill king pig swim

bit film in lift ship this

dig fish is mix six win

Dick his Jill pick skip zip

i +r ( + согласная ) = [ 3: ]



  1. Girl, bird, birch, firm, first, skirt, shirt, dirt, third, sir, dirty

  2. bird circle first girt first

dirt gird stir sir mirth

birth firm girl fir gird

i + r + гласная = [ alə ] ( перед e буква r не произносится)

dire iron wire

hire shire mire

fire virus pirate

Обобщающие упражнения

  1. bit – bite is – hi sit – site

in – nine it – fine win – wine

2)

[ al ]

[ l ]

bike dine five fine hi

ice kite like life line

Mike mile mine nice pine

ride rife rime ripe rise

rite rive site side time

shine nine mite vine wine

big bid bill dig dim

fix fill film fin gift

hill him lift list milk

nit pig pink pitch pit

ship six swim sit skip

Jim will wing wish witch



3) tiger sister ice big I

Mike slim skip silk mix

ride white bird shirt like

swim sing film stick nine

little fine in fish pilot

hi six fix sit is

milk this pink his crocodile

pin pig five driver girl



4) I, hi, is, in, ice, size, big, his, girl, like, pig, dire, smile, wish, bird, six, slim, skip, swim, fish, bike, sing, film, hide, iron, drink, silk, mix, pin, fix, sit, stick, nine, five, milk, time, winter, this, little, hire, fine, tiger, sister, spring, ride, white, finger, shirt, stick, pilot, shire, driver, crocodile, pink, write, pirate, bite, nice, polite, dinner, fire

Oo

hello_html_73059ad.pngOo в открытом слоге =

1hello_html_m36f5312b.png) No, bone, stone, nose, rose, rope, Rome, home, go, toe, hope, zone, pole, note, open,

total, ago, remote, expose

2) bone nose go dole

no close hose rose

so home lone sole



Ohello_html_ma7c9223.pngo в закрытом слоге =



  1. Box, clock, cockerel, forest, frog, long, not, strong, dog, doll, pond, fox, pot, spot, stop, plot, drop, hollow, on, off, offer, follow, upon, involve, dissolve, adopt

  2. box got lost soft

dock hop moss song

dog job not Tom

doll lot pond rock

fog log pot from

fox loss sock vox



ohello_html_70c9ee97.png + r ( + согласная ) =



1) Horse, port, fork, for, sport, shorts, short, corn, horn, or, sort, form, order,

former, disorder, border, orbit, inform, absorb, afford, report, import

2) ford nor dork forge norm cork

fork north cord form porch corn

cork fort pork corf forth port

horn sort corpse lord sort tort

lorn torch dorm morn torn mort



hello_html_70c9ee97.pngo + r + гласная = ( перед e буква r не произносится)

bore pore more

core sore store

gore tore shore

forum torus boring









Обобщающие упражнения



  1. box – bone doll – dole got – gole

dog – close from – nose

2)

hello_html_m65a2a232.pnghello_html_m65a2a232.png

hello_html_ma7c9223.png

bone home

bole hose

close lone

nose rose

go doge

so no

stone Rome

old cold


bog drop box bosh fog dog

lock pond cod gob song hot

long spot cog god loss job

con gong lost rot rock doll

cop hob lot sob cost jog

hock mob sock cot hot volt

mock soft dock hop moss nock



3 ) not horse frog long pore strong hockey

shop short on or go store doctor

for from chore box song no sock

nose joke stop close bored rose morning

corn dog fox clock sport home more



4) Not, fox, home, song, nose, or, chore, hockey, before, dog, from, box, strong, bored,

on, more, alone, corn, for, form, long, short, sock, home, rose, sport, bottle, frog, shop,

no, wrong, close, doctor, joke, shore, horse, clock, shorts, ago, stop, go, coffee, hope



Uu

Uu в открытом слоге = [ ju: ], [ u: ]

Uhello_html_7269067.gifhello_html_7b21793f.gif

[ ju: ] [ u: ] (после j, l,r)

1) music stupid tulip rule rude ruble

student pupil tuba luce lube Luke

dune pupa computer lute juke jute

puce due duty blue true June

hello_html_1abc6253.png

2) сue cube dune dupe

fume fuse blue mute

nude June tube tune

Uu в закрытом слоге = [ Λ ]

1) But, duck, funny, jump, mum, run, up, cup, mug, bus, sun, jug, nut, punt, cut, sup,

hum, hunt, dug , must, pulse, number, hundred, publish, result, begun, entrust, plus

2) bug dust hush puck

but tun jug rug

cub gulf jump run

cup gull lunch sun

duck gum mug tub

dull hump must tuck

u +r ( + согласная ) = [ 3: ]



  1. Nurse, fur, purse, purple, turn, curl, hurt, burnt, surname, church, turtle, furl, gurgle, burn, hurl, burst, absurd, occur, purpose, surface, burner, turbine

  2. bur lurk burl curt

murk burl fur hurl

burn furl purple burst

burr gurgle purr hurl

surd curb hurt surf

curd turf Kurd furnish

curl hurt Turk turn



hello_html_3c43ec55.pngu +r + e = ( перед e буква r не произносится)



cure lure mure

hure pure obscure

during fury durable



Обобщающие упражнения

  1. cub – cube mug – mute tug – tube

fun – fume nut – nude puppy - pupil

2)

[ ju: ]

[ Λ ]

cue cube

dune dupe

fume fuse

huge nuke

mute nude

puce pule

duty June


bug Dutch mug bulk fun must

bump gulf puck bunch gull pump

bus gum rub but gun rug

cub hump run cuff hunt rush

culm hush such cup hut sum

cut jug sun duck jump tub

dull just tush dust luck ruff




3) run but must up funny

duck jump ugly pupil puppy

cube nut cup fun luck

music butter student puzzle number

under hungry bubble summer computer

surname much butterfly Russia hundred



4) Run, duck, cube, nut, number, purple, hundred, but, jump, cure, much, music, excuse,

computer, superman, use, ugly, jump, butter, during, under, surname, Thursday, up,

sunny, cup, student, hungry, discuss, umbrella, funny, lure, pupil, fun, hunter, bubble,

Russia, study, must, puppy, luck, puzzle, pure, summer, butterfly, uncle



Yy

Yy в открытом слоге = [ aI ]



  1. Shello_html_m613371b5.pngpy, dry, fry, fly, try, cry, nylon, my, type, sky, why, shy, by, July, hype, dyke, rely, apply, supply, reply, imply

  2. dye dyne by bye tyke

dyke my rye byte wye



Yy в закрытом слоге = [ I ]



Gym, gymnast, nymph, lynch, sylph, myth, gypsy, hymn, mystic, symbol, system

y+r ( + согласная ) = [ 3: ]

Byrd Kyrgyz myrtle myrmidon



y + r + e = [ alə ] ( перед e буква r не произносится)

byre pyre

tyre gyre

syren tyrant

y в начале слова = [ j ]

yes yell yard

hello_html_m26aad3dc.gifyou yak yeti

your yeast young

hello_html_6509a3ee.gifyet yoke yesterday



yhello_html_7db946d1.gifhello_html_bec9017.gif в конце слова = [ l ], [ aI ]

[ aI ] ( в глаголах) [ I ]

occupy multiply Dolly sunny twenty

verify specify icy dirty gallery

rectify purify ugly happy carry

solidify testify puppy hungry country

Обобщающие упражнения



  1. my – myth bye – lynx

by – gym dyne – nymph

2)

[ al ]

[ l ]

by lye gybe syne

dyne fyke syce wye

bye my gyle tyke

cycle dye dyke rye

gym gyp

nymph sylph

lynx myth

lymph lynch


hello_html_m17c2dc3e.png3) My, fly, dirty, funny, yes, why, try, bye, ugly, you, city, cry, shy, young, puppy,

sky, hungry, butterfly, yesterday, myth, Byrd, tyre







Согласные буквы, имеющие два типа чтения



hello_html_m181e9729.gifhello_html_5da5a4f0.gifC [ s ] – перед e, i , y

[ k ] – перед a, o, u и перед согласными

hello_html_7565f73e.gif

hello_html_m2189fb46.gif[ s ] [ k ]

race nice mice cat cap can

lice face ice-cream cow cook cold

city cinema pencil cup cut cub

bicycle central icy crane clever doctor

[ k ] или [ s ]

Car, ice, cat, clever, cake, nice, coffee, can, close, doctor, cry, corn, pencil, carrot, face, clock, Alice, cow, celebrate, carpet, crocodile, city, December, once, cyclist, count, cold, centre, camera, icy, cup, cap, black, lice, care, cynic, place, exceed, discuss, describe



Shello_html_e2c4185.gifhello_html_4d9d6857.gif [ s ] – в начале слова, перед и после глухой согласной

[ z ] – в конце слова после гласной и звонкой согласной, между гласными



1hello_html_mae71bf5.gif) [ s ] [ z ]

sit swim books nose rise days

likes ask student cars sings beds

same takes stone his advise planes

2hello_html_m56877cab.gifhello_html_10f20d10.gif) [ z ] [ s ] [ lz ]

pens trees caps foxes

beds stars clocks boxes

jugs doors pets buses

dogs floors streets benches

queens cars maps roses



3) Dogs, ants, foxes, pigs, lakes, farms, ponds, woods, cars, planes, bikes, benches,

cakes, books, sweets, mugs, old films, little chicks, red roses, black tulips, caps,

cats, flats, plates, pens, desks, clocks, cocks, roses, chicks, lips, bikes, pies, kites



4) [ s ] [ z ] [ lz ]

likes sings kisses

jumps reads teaches

cooks sees catches

looks plays washes

sleeps runs fixes



[ s ] или [ z ]

Is, has, sad, this, skip, these, rose, boys, bags, clocks, his, music, nose, puppies,

goes, pets, seven, birds, jumps, cassette, summer, present, lesson, house, noisy

Ghello_html_3df5c751.pnghello_html_m107bb538.gifhello_html_531435b9.gif перед e, i, y

[ g ] – перед a, o, u , перед согласными и в конце слова

hello_html_3df5c751.pnghello_html_m1af6f615.gif[ g ]

gym page gentleman green grey girl

cage gymnast sledge big pig egg

giant general giraffe game good gull

hello_html_3df5c751.pngили [ g ]

Good, dog, giraffe, game, tiger, flag, give, grey, cabbage, big, orange, pig, ugly, garden,

go, girl, frog, green, get, finger, age, egg, angry, hungry, gather, gypsy, gallery, Egypt

hello_html_m1e559ec3.gif

hello_html_6e944882.gifhello_html_m2386317b.gifX [ gz ] – перед ударной гласной

hello_html_1efbdd75.gif[ ks ] – в остальных случаях

[ ks ] [ gz ]

fix next ox exam exist example

box except fox exert exact examination



[ ks ] или [ gz ]

Six, text, exercise, expect, exact, exist, appendix, sixty, expend, exotic, except, exile, exit, fix, examination, next, box, example

Буквосочетания



1) ee – [ i: ] – see, sheep, sweet, tree, street, green, queen, sleep, feed, free, teem, Greece



2hello_html_53af08f4.gifhello_html_m57395ef2.gifhello_html_m57c86e52.gif) oo [ u: ] too, soon, noon, afternoon, zoo, roof, zoom, hoot, stood, droop,

food, moon, pool, tool

hello_html_59b59d1e.png[ ] – book, cook, hook, foot, wood, good, goodbye, wool, look, took,

soot, crook



3hello_html_78d63150.gifhello_html_m6389217f.gif) ay, ai – [ ei ] [ ei ]

ay ai

day ray birthday rain train Spain

tray spray May tail saint snail

hay stay pay paint sail nail

hello_html_13c34ed5.gifstray nay play wait main maid

4hello_html_74c741b2.pnghello_html_74c741b2.pnghello_html_m2a1912ca.gifhello_html_4af8a6c8.gif) oy, oi –

oy oi

boy toy enjoy coin noise point

troy Roy destroy join spoil poison

joy cloy royal oil voice noise

hoy doyen oyster boil roil coil



5hello_html_2ce4d3a6.gifhello_html_m66df6a1d.gif) ey, ei – [ ei ] [ ei ]

ey ei

they drey obey vein feint neighbour

trey grey fey neigh rein eight

prey convey heyday beige weigh weight



6hello_html_m7594cc05.pnghello_html_m7594cc05.pnghello_html_m3863c656.gifhello_html_m4858c06e.gif) au, aw – [ ] [ ]

au aw

author caught August saw awful bawl

audit naughty automat caw dawn fawn

auditor launch autumn haw draw gawk

sauce fault daughter law maw lawn



7hello_html_67cbb793.png) ou house, blouse, mouse, cloud, count, out, about, pound, shout, south,

rout, stout, scout, loud, found, mouth, sound, round, surround, ground



8hello_html_67cbb793.pnghello_html_74027084.gifhello_html_m51eec765.gif) ow – how, now, cow, town, brown, down, gown, bow, jowl, downy,

cower, clown, power, owl, allow, tower, shower, flower

hello_html_73059ad.pnglow, know, slow, Moscow, Glasgow, narrow, sparrow, yellow,

hello_html_67cbb793.pnghello_html_3b8a6ff7.gifwindow, blow, flow, show, bowl, grow, row, tow, fellow, snow

9hello_html_41b6db29.gifhello_html_m54af0b4a.gif) ea [ i: ] – weak, tea, meat, beak, peak, clean, speak, read, teach, sea, peach,

steam, dream, mean, bean, dean

[ e ] – bread, head, lead, stead, dread, death, breath , heavy, healthy, deaf



1hello_html_5383e6ae.gifhello_html_m5f6fe98a.gifhello_html_429755a7.gif0) ie, ye – [ al ] [ al ]

ie ye

tie die fie rye bye dye

lie pie vie lye stye dyestuff



11) ie – [ i: ] – niece, brief, believe, chief, piece, sieve, field, achieve, priest, relieve



1hello_html_3c054104.pnghello_html_3c054104.pnghello_html_398c2af3.gifhello_html_66178201.gif2) oa, oe – [ ] [ ]

oa oe

coat toad road toe roe woe

load boat coast foe doe woeful

hello_html_63b7865c.gifhello_html_m7de108eb.gifsoap throat boast hoe Joe roebuck



1hello_html_mc40860b.gifhello_html_1112825.gif3) ue, ui [ ju: ] – due, cue, revue, hue, muesli, Tuesday, suit, nuisance, suitable,

suitcase, Duisburg

hello_html_m599fcdea.gifhello_html_655caa03.gif[ u: ] – blue, true, clue, slue, rueful, fruit, juice, bruit, fruitful



1hello_html_2ff41828.gifhello_html_mc40860b.gifhello_html_m44c4cc3f.gifhello_html_461a2cbd.gif4) eu, ew [ ju: ] – neutral, deuce, feudal, zeugma, neutron, sew, few, mew,

nephew, newly, stew, dew, screw, pew

[ u: ] – blew, drew, Jew, crew, slew, sleuth, Reuben, grew, flew, jewel



15) air, eir [ eə ] – chair, hair, pair, air, laird, dairy, hairy, fair, their, heir, theirs



16) eer – [ lə ] – deer, peer, jeer, cheer, beer, veer, sheer, leer, engineer, steer, seer



1hello_html_mc40860b.gifhello_html_m20fcfbe6.gifhello_html_27b1e45f.gif7) ear [ lə ] – ear, rear, near, fear, sear, spear, dear, clear, beard, tear(слеза),

[ eə ] – bear, bearskin, bearing, pear, tear (рвать), wear

[ 3 : ] – learn, earth, dearth, earn, year, early, unearth, heard, earnest



1hello_html_70c9ee97.png8) oar board, boarder, coarse, hoard, hoarfrost, roar, soar, oar, oarsman



1hello_html_70c9ee97.pnghello_html_m70a234cb.gifhello_html_6eb45566.gif9) oor door, floor

hello_html_7e1914f.pngpoor, boor, poorly, moor



2hello_html_50b8de8b.png0) our – our, flour, hour, sour, lour, ourself



21) ia, io – [ alə ] - via, diagram, trial, liable, diary, ion, lion, violent, riot, violet



2hello_html_73059ad.png2) o + ld – – cold, old, told, fold, moldy, bold, hold, sold, wold, golden



23) o + m, n, th, v – [ Λ ] – son, money, some, love, mother, brother, other, another,

come, London, front, Monday, month, gloves, above, cover,

among, govern, recover



2hello_html_70c9ee97.png4) ough – – bought, thought, brought, nought, sought, fought, wrought

hello_html_4351336b.gif

25) a + s, n, f + согласная

a + l + m, f, v ( l – немая ) [ a: ]

a + th

[ a: ] grass, last, task, rasp, calm, palm, calf, half, craft, after, bath, father, chance, class, draft, answer, past, branch, plant, demand, France, ask, path, master



2hello_html_70c9ee97.png6) a + l + согласная – – all, tall, ball, wall, call, small, fall, hall, false, almost,

install, befall, also, salt, malt, walnut, halt, falter, Malta



2hello_html_m7594cc05.png7) alk – [ k ] – calk, balk, chalk, talk, walk, stalk, malkin, talkative



28) i + ld, nd, gn, gh – [ aI ] – child, wild, mild, mind, kind, find, bind, grind, behind,

sign, design, assignment, alignment, high, sigh, nigh,

sight, light, night, fight, right, bright

2hello_html_3c054104.png9) ar, er, or – [ ə ] – radar [ eI ], solar [ ], doctor, motor, rotor, driver, teacher,

hello_html_1aac1beb.giffarmer, reader, runner, player, painter, speaker, singer, jumper



30) суффикс ous [ əs ] – famous, various, serious, numerous, curious, enormous



31) sh – [ ∫ ] – she, sheep, dish, fish, shop, English, shelf, brush, shall, shed, shun,

shunt, shift, shack, stash, flash, wish, shine, shade, shy, share, shore



32) ch – [ t ]bench, match, chick, chess, lunch, teacher, chocolate, chin, chat,

chop, chum, chill, chip, chuck, chum, check, stitch

!!! В словах французского происхождения –[ ] : trencher, douche, machine,

moustache, avalanche

в словах греческого и латинского происхождения – [ k ] :

chemist, architect, chemistry, stomach, school, technical, mechanic, character



33) tch [ t] – blotch, stretch, batch, scotch, crutch, fetch, ditch, retch, wretch



34) ck – [ k ] - cock, cockerel, clock, black, sock, chick, black, Nick, stick, clock,

hello_html_e2c4185.gifsack, sick, pack, shack, hack, brick, pluck, check, beck, neck

35) ph – [ f ] – photo, phone, phose, phase, physics, philosophy, telegraph



3hello_html_51329e96.gifhello_html_50978e9.gifhello_html_m51609f97.gif6) th [ θ ] cloth, moth, thin, thick, thank, thing, death, thrust, thief, three

hello_html_m528fe6b3.gif[ ð ] – that, this, these, those, with, mother, brother, father, weather



3hello_html_m2f958d5.gifhello_html_m4784697e.gifhello_html_41b6db29.gifhello_html_4c4fea07.gifhello_html_m48a98cc9.gifhello_html_177dbc80.gif7) the [ ðl ] – the egg, the egg-cup, the arm, the ant

hello_html_m70a234cb.gif[ ðə ] the jug, the floor, the park, the desk



3hello_html_m11de873f.gifhello_html_5ed3bac9.gif8) ng [ ŋ ] – king, ring, spring, long, strong, wing, stocking, evening, morning,

ping-pong, sing a song,

hello_html_5621b156.gif[ ŋg ] – hungry, angry, Bingo, kangaroo, English



39) nk – [ ŋk ] – pink, bank, ink, rink, thank, tank, rank,hello_html_m72b84c30.gif think



4hello_html_e2c4185.gifhello_html_67087f44.gifhello_html_m7a053a6b.gif0) gh [ - ] night, light, bright, eight, high, sigh, tight, weight

[ g ]ghost, ghastly, Ghana, gherkin, ghetto, ghoul [ u: ]

[ f ] – rough, tough, enough, laugh, toughen



4hello_html_mc3190c4.gifhello_html_63242d1.gif1) sc [ sk ] – screen, scale, sculpt, scum, screw, scope, scotch, scarlet, scare, scary

[ s ] ( перед e, i, y) scene, scent, scenic, science, scissors, scientist, scythe



42) gu – [ g ] – guess, guy, guard, guest, guerilla, guide, guilty, guaranty, guitar



43) qu – [ kw ] – queen, square, quell, quench, quest, question, quibble, quick, quite,

equal, request, acquire, liquid, squirrel, frequent, acquaint, equip



4hello_html_7514698.png4) qua [ kw ] – quantity, quantize, quash, quality, squash, quandary, quarrel

!!! В открытом положении a [ eI ]: quake, quaker, quaver, aquation, equation



4hello_html_m7594cc05.png5) quar [kw ]quarter, quart, quartet, quarterly, quartz, quarto



4hello_html_3df5c751.png6) dge – - dodge, bridge, badge, fridge, ridge, abridge, lodge, nudge



4hello_html_14b6a972.gifhello_html_39b08c85.gif7) wh [ w ] – what, why, where, white, when, wheel, wheat, while, whisper

[ h ] – who, whose, whole, whom, whodunit, whoop



4hello_html_7514698.png8) wa, wha – [ w ] – want, wash, wasp, watt, watch, was, wad, what, whatever



4hello_html_m7594cc05.png9) war, whar – [ w ] – war, warm, warp, ward, warn, wardrobe, warship, wharf



50) wo – [ Λ ] – worry, wonder, won, wonderful, wonderland



51) wor – [ 3: ] – worth, work, worker, worst, word, world, worship, worse, worm



52) ci, ti – [ ] – social, special, facial, logician, patient, essential, potential, nationality



53) hello_html_m7594cc05.pngture [ tə ] – culture, lecture, picture, structure, nature, posture, feature, rupture



5hello_html_m6848b507.gif4) tion, ssion [ n ] – action, invitation, celebration, session, remission, permission



5hello_html_mc3190c4.gifhello_html_5a52b17.gifhello_html_7cbab4b8.gif5) sion [ n ] – intension, version, tension, reversion, torsion, revulsion, Russion

hello_html_2897dbe6.png[ n ] revision, vision, decision, fusion, plosion, division, television



5hello_html_m44c4cc3f.gifhello_html_m527c677d.gif6) sure [ ə ] – pressure, fissure, censure, tonsure

hello_html_2897dbe6.png[ ə ] – closure, leisure, pleasure, treasure, measure



57) wr – [ r ] ( в начале слова ) – write, wrong, wring, wrist, wrest, wrinkle, wry, writer

58) kn – [ n ]knife, knight, know, knot, knee, knock, knap, knag, kneel, knick



59) gn[ n ]gnaw, gnome, campaign, poignant, gnat, foreign, cognac, design, sign

60) mb, mn – [ m ] – thumb, comb, bomb, climb, lamb, autumn, damn, hymn, crumb



61) bt – [ t ] – debt, doubt, subtle, debtor



62) sten – [ sn ] – fasten, listen, christen, glisten, chasten, hasten, moisten



63) stle – [ sl ] - castle, wrestle, whistle, apostle, jostle, bustle, nestle, pestle



64) ften – [ fn ] – often, soften

Test yourself



1) Прочтите слова и объясните правила чтения буквы Aa:

[ ei ] – name, take, date, same, wave, able, table, stable, say, may, wait, paint, rain,

again, prevail

[ æ ]man, has, hand, stand, angle, mass, sat, damp, latter, matter, began

[ a: ] – art, far, farm, dark, part, after, draft, plant, ask, task, fast, last, bath, path,

father, alarm

[ eə ] – dare, fare, stare, rare, air, pair, stairs, fair, parents, compare, prepare

hello_html_70c9ee97.pngpause, author, August, law, draw, all, wall, fall, talk, walk, also, always,

almost, because, install

2) Прочтите слова и объясните правила чтения буквы Ee:

[ i: ] – we, these, even, meter, recent, complete, treat, each, means, cease, clean, feet,

freeze, deep, needle, sheet, speed, teacher, steamer, easy, season, ceiling, receive,

increase, degree, between, proceed, repeat

[ e ] – left, melt, shelf, desk, length, depth, then, well, bench, else, help, second, pencil,

plenty, direct, depend, effect, suggest, head, bread, spread, heavy, weather,

weapon, ready, already, leather

[ 3: ] – her, term, serve, person, certain, thermal, vertical, mercury, inert, reserve,

determine, convert, earth, heard, learn, early, research

[ iə ] – here, sere, mere, near, shear, clear, tear, cheer, steer, zero, serious, period,

career, appear, severe, engineer

[ ei ] – they, grey, great, eight, weight, freight, convey, obey, prey

[ ju: , u: ] – new, few, newspaper, sew, nephew, crew, screw, flew, blew, jewel

3) Прочтите слова и объясните правила чтения буквы I i :

[ ai ] – slide, rise, mile, lie, prize, strike, giant, mines, vital, crisis, decide, precise,

surprise, find, kind, behind, child, mild, high, light

[ i ] – inch, pick, since, switch, thin, middle, simple, silver, consist, until, resist

[ 3: ] – first, third, circle, firm, birth, dirty, circular

[ aiə ] – fire, wire, tire, spire, hire, tired, spiral, desire, admire, via, dial, trial, violet

[ i: ] – field, brief, piece, chief, achieve, believe, niece

4) Прочтите слова и объясните правила чтения буквы O o :

hello_html_73059ad.pngno, so, note, stone, close, over, oval, solar, moment, total, local, compose, remote,

devote, load, coal, road, coat, show, grow, low, own, slow, follow, window,

narrow, below, cold, gold

hello_html_7514698.png[ ] – not, job, clock, box, bottle, bronze, office, possible, common, constant, copper,

doctor, solve, problem, revolve, geometry

[ 3: ] – work, word, world, worst, worth, worm, worker

hello_html_70c9ee97.pngforce, form, short, born, order, orbit, border, porous, formula, ordinary,

inform, report, support, ore, more, pore, shore, before, door, floor, your, pour,

course, ought, thought, brought, fought

hello_html_74c741b2.pngboil, point, noise, joint, boy, poison, loyal, appoint, exploit

hello_html_67cbb793.pnground, pound, ground, sound, outer, thousand, without, mountain, about,

amount, around, account, now, brown, down, allow

hello_html_50b8de8b.pngour, hour, sour, flower, tower, power, shower

[ Λ ] – some, front, month, other, ton, comfort, wonder, among, become, discover,

another, above, comfort, country, rough, tough, enough

[ u: ] – moon, tool, soon, cool, choose, lose, move, improve, group, soup

hello_html_5b947675.pngbook, look, took, shook, should, would, could

5) Прочтите слова и объясните правила чтения буквы U u :

[ ju: , u: ] – tube, due, cube, use, unit, rule, blue, true, suit, fruit, future, union,

university, produce, include, resume

[ Λ ] – up, cut, plus, ultra, judge, hundred, current, structure, subject, upper, sudden,

hello_html_3c43ec55.pngconduct, construct, discuss, result

[ u ] – put, pull, full, push, bush

[ 3: ] – fur, turn, burn, further, furnish, surface, turner, furniture, furnace, return

[hello_html_m2bc7c828.pnghello_html_35ec9d78.png , ] – pure, cure, fuel, durable, during, surely, curious

6) Прочтите слова и объясните правила чтения буквы Y y:

[ ai ] – my, by, try, fly, type, unify, occupy, multiply, rely, supply

[ i ] – symbol, system, crystal, vary, plenty, party, easy, energy, navy, carry, ordinary

[ j ] – yet, yes, yard, you, year, young, yellow, yield, yesterday, beyond

31



Краткое описание документа:

"Описание материала:

"Многие учителя сталкиваются с нехваткой упражнений при обучении чтению на английском языке.

"Данный практикум содержит упражнения, которые помогут усвоить самые элементарные правила чтения, но, в то же время, может быть применен как при обучении на начальном этапе, так и при обучении учащихся старшего возраста, имеющих трудности в чтении. Рассматривается отдельно чтение гласных букв A,E,I,O,U,Y в открытом, закрытом слогах, а также в структурах гласная + r + согласная, гласная + r + гласная.

"Сначала каждое правило отрабатывается отдельно, а потом предлагаются обобщающие упражнения. Далее рассматривается чтение согласных, имеющих 2 типа чтения (C,S,G,X). После приводятся 64 буквосочетания с примерами.

"Заканчивается «Практикум» разделом “Test yourself”.

Автор
Дата добавления 05.01.2014
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
Просмотров1040
Номер материала 24559010546
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