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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Методические рекомендации по английскому языку: тема "Кино"

Методические рекомендации по английскому языку: тема "Кино"



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  • Иностранные языки

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Методические рекомендации

для студентов


I курса НПО

по дисциплине «Английский язык»

(тема «Кино»)


















Москва

2016



Методические рекомендации содержат тексты по теме и диалоги, упражнения для развития речевых и грамматических умений.

Рекомендации призваны помочь освоить лексико-грамматический материал, научиться строить монологические высказывания и вести диалог по теме «Кино».









































Введение

Данное пособие содержит тексты для домашнего чтения, направленные на совершенствование навыков чтения. К текстам прилагаются задания для проверки понимания прочитанного, лексические и грамматические упражнения.

Цель данных рекмендаций: дальнейшее развитие иноязычной коммуникативной компетенции (речевой, языковой, социокультурной, компенсаторной, учебно-познавательной), развитие и воспитание способности и готовности к самостоятельному и непрерывному изучению английского языка, дальнейшему самообразованию с его помощью.

После изучения предложенной темы Вы будете

Знать/понимать:

- значения новых лексических единиц,

- речевые выражения по теме,

- историю рождения и развития кино, информацию об известных актёрах, режиссёрах и фильмах.

Уметь:

- вести диалог в ситуациях общения по теме,

- рассказывать, рассуждать в связи с тематикой прочитанных текстов, выражая своё отношение к излагаемым фактам и давая им свою оценку.














Text 1


The Birth of “The Seventh Art”


Can you imagine life without films or television, cinema’s little sister? Today we can watch television 24 hours a day, we can go to the cinema or put a cassette into our video when we want. We can even make video films ourselves.

But imagine the surprise and the shock that first film in 1895! There was no sound, no colour and the films were very short: they lasted from 60 to 90 seconds! Besides, they didn’t tell a story. They were glimpses of real life: a military parade, a running horse, a boxing match…

The early films were shown in music halls, theatres, cafes and even shops. Travelling projectionists brought the films into smaller cities and country towns.

The history of cinema began on the 28th of December, 1895 in the Grand Café in Paris where the Lumiere brothers, Louse and Auguste, demonstrated their new art: cinema. One of the ten short “film clips” shown by them was “The Arrival of the Train”. On seeing the train on the screen, the spectators ran away as they were afraid of begin run over by the oncoming train.

The cinema was the perfect popular entertainment. It was not expensive and, at first, the audience consisted mainly of workers. The rich and intellectual classes ignored in as they didn’t think it was art.

Film-makers soon learned how to use special effects. The first known special effect was created in 1895 by Alfred Clark in “The Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots “. It was a simple trick: the camera was stopped and the actress replaces with a doll.

Gradually films became longer and they started to tell stories. Edwin Porter was one of the first directors who made such a film in 1903. It was “The Great Train Robbery”, the first Western in the history of the cinema. This 11-minute films a sensational hit.

Cinema originated in France but developed in the USA. Here, towards the end of the 19th century, Thomas Edison perfected the movie camera. Between 1910 and 1929, a new film city appeared on the scene: Hollywood. The reason for its appearance was the suitable warm and clear weather and beautiful landscape (mountains, beaches, forests and deserts) for film shooting. It’s here that the first film studios were opened (Universal Studio, Twentieth Century Fox, Paramount). There was no sound yet and the first stars of the film world (the greatest ones – Mary Pickford and Charlie Chaplin) were silent. But it didn’t prevent the audience from being fascinated by their playing.

In 1927 there was a grand revolution in the world of cinema: the introduction of sound. The Warner brothers, founders of Warner Bros studio, created the first talking film “The Jazz Singer” Which was an enormous success. The film mostly told its story with titles, but it had three songs and a short dialogue. There were long queues in front of the Warner Theatre in New York… The sound changed the whole way of shooting films. There were microphones everywhere in studios. Now, there was supposed to be complete silence when a scene was being short. A film was usually short at night to avoid the traffic noise. Otherwise – as once Charlie Chaplin said – you see the handle of a door moving but you hear the noise of a car.

The first colour films were made in the 30s. The addition of colour was less revolutionary than the introduction of sound. The silent films disappeared within a year, but the black-and-white films are made even today.

In the 30s, the films studios held the reins of an actor’s life and career. An actor couldn’t even choose a role in a film. The studio would choose it for him. Even today, the life of an actor or an actress isn’t easy. For instance, Robert de Niro had to put on weight in order to play the role of Al Capone in “The Untouchables”. He had to learn to play the saxophone, spent 3 months in a mental asylum to get the role of a mental patient in “Awakenings”.

The most important aspect of the cinema was that, for price of a ticket, people could dream for a few hours. The little boy who went to a Saturday matinee in Manchester or Marseilles could imagine he was a courageous cowboy. The young girl in Birmingham or Berlin might dream of being Scarlet O’Hara in the arms of Rhett Butler.

Today, no one disputes cinema’s place as the “seventh art”. It has provided as many great people as literature, theatre and any of the other arts.

I. Answer the questions:

1. When and where was the cinema born?

2. Were the first films different from the modern ones?

3. Where were the first films shown?

4. What was the impression of the first spectators?

5. Why did the rich and intellectual classes ignore the cinema

6. Why did “The Great Train Robbery” become a sensational hit?

7. When was the first special effect created?

8. Why did film-makers like Hollywood?

9. Have you ever seen a silent film? Did you like it?

10. When did the era of a talking film begin?

11. What was more important: the introduction of colour or sound?

What makes you think so?

12. Do you agree that the cinema is “The Seventh Art”? Why?


II. Translate into English:

Немое кино, популярное развлечение, сенсационный успех, экранизировать классические произведения, спецэффекты, черно-белый фильм, цветной фильм, внедрение звука, появление цвета, странствующие киномеханики, огромный успех.

III. Divide the text into logical parts, entitle them and speak on each part.



Text 2


The Hollywood Story

Why do many American film companies have offices and studios in Hollywood, California? Do you know it all started with an invitation to visit a farm?

The American film industry began in the early 1890s in New York, the financial capital of America. The industry developed very quickly as the technology developed. The first films were short, black and white and silent. As directors learnt more about filming, they made longer and longer films. Later came colour and, eventually, stereo sound and all technically sophisticated movies we see today.

But in the old days, when first films appeared, they were made in small studios or in the streets. Then, in 1907, a producer in Chicago was making a film called “The Count of Monte Cristo”, and part of the film was set on the coast. He didn’t want to build a film studio to look like a sea coast, he wanted a real thing. The producer had a friend who lived on a farm near the small town of Hollywood. This friend had invited the producer to visit him. So the producer took all his film crew and all his actors with him and they made part of the film on the coast near Hollywood. The film was a great success. After that many film companies came to Hollywood to make films. The town got bigger and many studios were built.

Hollywood became the home of the American film industry.

Hollywood offers an ideal climate and variety of settings, or locations, such as deserts, mountains, villages, small sea-side towns and the city of Los Angeles. From the 1920-ies to 1950-ies thousands of films were made there. However, from the late 1950-ies onwards, Hollywood became less popular because film makers started to do on location again. For example, after the 1950-ies, instead of making a Hollywood street look like a street in Beijing, the whole crew went to China and filmed the real thing.

In recent years many studios have closed in Hollywood, although many films are still made there every year. Whatever the future brings, Hollywood will be remembered as the American film industry.

Filming - съемка

Sophisticated - сложный

Film crew - съемочная бригада

Setting - окружающая обстановка, фон

Say what you know about

1) First films

2) Appearance of Hollywood

3) Reasons of the popularity of Hollywood

4) Hollywood nowadays.


Word Study

I. Match the columns:

Description of a film

Epic

deals with a difficult real-life situation which is to be resolved or with conflict of interest and emotions.

Historical

describes thrilling events usually connected with crime especially murder.

Drama

depicts heroic events of the past on a grand scale, often with vast crowd scenes.

Musical

is a film about cowboys, their lives and adventures.

Thriller

is a geographical film about travels.

Western

touches upon historical events, describes famous people who have played important roles in the history.

Travelogue

is the successor of musical comedy - a film with songs and dances.


II. Explain in English different types of films:

Adventure film, action film, comedy, detective, documentary, fantastic film, horror film, popular science film, science fiction, tragedy.


III. Say what each of them do:

Ticket-taker, prompter, scriptwriter, producer, musician, composer, cinema-goer, designer, cameraman.

Example:

A cameraman is a person responsible for the photography.

IV. Learn the words and word combinations:

feature film- художественный фильм

newsreel- кинохроника

to shoot (shot, shot) - снять (фильм)

shootings- съёмки

shot- кадр

to film a novel= to make a novel info a film- экранизировать роман

screened version- экранизация

to dub- дублировать

to subtitle- субтитрировать

screenplay-сценарий

performance= shot- сеанс.


Text 3

I. Read the text:

To tell the truth I’m not a cinema-fan. I think that every film must provoke thinking. I like, as they say now, an old Russian cinema. There were and are many wonderful, world famous film directors in our country, such as N. Michalkov, L. Gaidai, E. Ryasanov, E. Matveyev, S. Bondarchuk, G. Danelia and so on. People of all ages know and love the film ‘’Mimino’’, ‘’Ivan Vasilyevich Changes His Profession’’, ‘’I Walk Around Moscow’’.’’Moscow Doesn’t Believe Tears’’.

Today I’d like to tell you about a famous E. Ryasanov’s film «Irony of Fate». It was shot in early 70s and is still popular. It’s a lyric comedy with the elements of satire. The plot is based on the idea that in 60s and 70s all the cities and town looked like twins. Situated in different part of the country there were twin streets, twin houses, twin flats and even twin locks. Furniture was the same all around the country. But these coincidence helped two not very young people, a school teacher and a doctor, to find their love.

The cast was perfect. Famous actors A. Myagkov and Y.Yakovlev starred in that film. Everybody remembers unhappy, funny, self-confident and jealous Ippolite. The part of a teacher was performed by a Polish actress Barbara Brylska who was specially invited for this role. But episodic part of Lia Alhedjakova where she played a talkative teacher is unforgettable.

It is worth mentioning that E. Ryasanov writes scripts for his film together with his friend E. Braginsky. The language of his heroes is full of humour, there are many songs in his films. Music for this film was written by a brilliant composer M.Tariverdiyev and the songs where sung by then a young singer, unknown to many people Alla Pugachova. They sounded very sincerely and touched the souls of spectators.

Today the film seems to be slightly naive, but it tells about such eternal things as true love, fidelity, sincerity. It makes us believe in love and happiness and never lose hope.


II. Agree or disagree with the following statements. Give your reasons.

1. Every film must provoke thinking.

2. Music contributes much to the success of a film.

3. Famous actors always make a film popular.


III. Speak about the film according to the plan:

1. The title of the film.

2. The type.

3. The plot.

4. The main characters.

5. The actors playing the leading roles, their acting.

6. The director, the scriptwriter, the composer and their contribution into the success of the film.

7. Your impression of the film.


Text 4

James Bond on the Screen

James Bond was one of the cinema’s first action heroes. Before Bond the only adventure films were about soldiers or detectives. A long, expensive film about James Bonds adventures required much equipment such as a huge film set, like a volcano, or a desert island inside the studio. Besides, a British actor with an upper class accent was needed to play James.

Bond 007. So Sean Connery starred in the first Bond film «Doctor No» in 1962. Except him there were some more actors who played Bond: Roger Moore, Keann Reeves, Timothy Dalton and Pierre Brosnon. The real point about these Bond adventures is that everyone knows that they are rubbish. But they are good rubbish! Do you remember those silly plots in which the main hero is driving a sports car to a casino where at least three beautiful women are falling in love with him? And a mad criminal genius wants to destroy the world and his sports car turns into a submarine and a rocket gun is hidden in his wristwatch and so on. Later the Bond’s producers tried to modernize the films by making the plot more realistic. The acting was better, the humour was gone. But this was a mistake. The films had lost their unique touch. Bond was now the same as any other action hero.


I. Answer the questions:

1. Do you like films about the agent 007? Why?

2. Do you agree that they are rubbish?

3. What’s your opinion on adventure films and spy stories?

Text 5

Do You Remember «Crocodile Dandy» Film?

The plot unfolds in Australia and tells about amusing adventures of a young lovely woman-reporter and a strong and brave crocodile hunter who is the central figure of this moving story. At first their relations were not friendly. But after he rescued her out of some difficult situations, she began falling in love with him and invited Dandy to visit New-York city. The stranger man who had lived in Australia since his childhood arrived in America and found himself in the curious situation. The surprising, happy end which is obligatory in all American films enjoys spectators very much.

I. Translate the following word-combinations into Russian and use them in the sentences of your own:

The plot unfolds, an amusing adventure, the central figure of that movie, a surprising end, to play a title role, the subject is drawn from life, to touch upon social problems, a true-to-life story, to release a film.

Text 6

Titanic

I’m not a cinema goer. I prefer to watch films on TV or video. But I think that watching a good film is the best relaxation. It is thought-provoking and entertaining. Now a growing number of people prefer watching films on TV to attending cinemas. There are wonderful comedies, love stories, science fiction , horror films, detective stories, historical films on. There’s variety of films available today.

But the shooting of “Titanic” in 1997 brought people flocking back to the cinemas. It has become a blockbuster and brought big profits to the producers. The reasons are: on the one hand, the thrilling plot of the film, depicting the first of the greatest disasters of the 20th century, and, on the other hand, new technologies of film making, used by James Cameron, the producer. Everybody wanted to see if the film was really worth eleven “Oscar” awards.

Titanic” is the latest screen version of the tragedy happened on April 14-15, 1912 during the maiden voyage of the British luxury passenger liner. The vessel sank with a loss of about 1.500 lives: men, women and children. Their voyage on board the dream ship ended in a nightmare. It revealed all human vices: arrogance, self-satisfaction, greed, selfishness and self-confidence. But at the same time this tragedy showed the best traits of human character: the sense of duty and responsibility, self-sacrifice and short but immortal love. The love-story about Jack and Rose, a young poor artist and 17-year old girl from the upper society, arouses our sympathy and admiration. Paired with the main story-line, it adds much to the impression of the film. “Titanic” made the leading actors Leonardo Di Caprio and Kate Winslet international celebrities. The music of James Horner created a special atmosphere in the film and has become popular with the public.

The film is interesting not only from the artistic point of view, but from the technical one as well. Both the ship and the ocean are virtual, created by computers. Besides, we can see unique pictures of “Titanic” buried in the depth of the ocean. Its wreck was found lying in two pieces on the ocean floor at a depth of about 4.000 metres. The pictures were taken with the help of the Russian ocean-explorers and shown to the whole world. The film was directed by James Cameron, famous for creating very expensive films with new special effects, which were the biggest box-office success. “Titanic” is not an exception. Critics say the film has opened a new era in film production. I think they are right.


arrogance – высокомерие, надменность

blockbuster – дорогостоящий фильм, отличающийся пышностью постановки

celebrity – знаменитость

to depict – отображать

to flock – стекаться толпами

immortal – вечный, бессмертный

to reveal – обнаруживать

vessel – корабль

vice – порок, зло

virtual – виртуальный

wreck – остов разбитого судна


I. Enlarge the situation:

1. Watching a good film is the best relaxation.

2. “Titanic” has all the reasons to become a sensational hit.

3. The love-story about Jack and Rose impresses people as much as the shipwreck.

4. Special effects add much to the success of the film.


II. Speak about the film which impressed you greatly.


***

It’s interesting to know that

  • Since 1984, many multiplexes, cinema complexes with up to 14 screens showing a wide range of modern films, have been built. These multiplexes have encouraged more people to go to the cinema. Now going to the cinema is very popular in Britain, especially with young people.

  • British men and women have different tastes in films. Most men liked action films. Women preferred films which dealt with human relations between friends or between men and women.

  • Hollywood dominates the cinema in Britain. The British film industry exists, but it is very small. British films do not have big budgets and cannot compete with American companies. This means that British films often have to use American actors to appeal it the American cinema-going audience. British people who want to make films often go to America. Hollywood is full of British actors, directors, writers, editors and camera people.

  • In Britian the word „cinema“ is used if we mean a building for showing films but „pictures“ is also British English and more colloquial than cinema. It is used to be the most common word in conversation. «Movies» (from moving pictures) is American English. Most people know the word, but practically no one uses it.

  • In one performance there are usually a main feature film, a news film, some advertisements and a «trailer» telling about the films for the next week.

Compare with our country.


  1. Before reading the text try to find the Russian equivalent of the following proverb:

A little thing in hand is worth than a great thing in prospect.

Do you agree? What’s your opinion? Give your reasons.


  1. Read the text and say where you would use this proverb speaking of David Duchovny.

Text 7

David Duchovny

David Duchovny was born in New York City on the 7th of August, 1960. His father is a writer and his mother is a housewife. Before David was born his parents had been English teachers. When his parents divorced, David is raised by his mother, along with his sister Laurie and his brother Daniel.

David went to a prestigious private school in Manhattan. “He was a very bright kid with a brilliant sense of humour,” his father remembers. “At school he was always top of the class.”

After school he entered Princeton University. Then he studied English literature at Yale University and worked as a teaching assistant.

David was working at his PhD thesis at Yale when one of his friends suggested that he should try acting classes.

Duchovny’s PhD thesis, magic and Technology in Contemporary Fiction and Poetry was never finished. He moved to Hollywood.

His mother was angry when he had given up studying. Even now, when she speaks to him on the phone, she always asks him: “When are you going to finish your thesis?” He laughs and says: “Later, later.”

David’s first year in Hollywood was very hard. He was unemployed and could hardly make both ends meet. Luckily, he was invited to play in a commercial and later in a feature film. “Acting gave me a sense of team and I liked this very much,” David says.

Very soon Duchovny appeared in such feature films as Chaplin, Beethoven and California.

His work in the movies attracted the attention of Chris Carter, the famous creator of The X-Files. A TV series weren’t in Duchovny’s plans but he was impressed by the script for The X-Files. So he became agent Fox Mulder.

David is very surprised not only by the success of The X-Files but by his own personal popularity.

Actors who have worked with him describe him as modest, professional and hard-working.

David is fond of sports. He played basketball and baseball at school and university. He keeps in shape with jogging and yoga exercises.

He writes poetry, but, as he says, he does not read it in public any more.


  1. Answer the questions:

  1. Do you think David Duchovny is a talented actor?

  2. What do other actors say about him?

  3. What was his first job?

  4. Where did he study?

  5. Do you think he’ll finish his PhD thesis?

  6. Does David like his profession?

  7. Have you seen the “X-files”? Do you like Fox Mulder?

  8. Fox Mulder believes in UFOs. Do you?

  9. What is David Duchovny’s hobby?

  10. What does he do to keep in shape?


Word Study

  1. Find in the text the synonyms for the following words and word combinations:

to offer, to complete, industrious, clever, child, difficult, to come into view, celebrated, to be without any job.

  1. Make up sentences

1. Chris Carter, of, the, famous, “X-Files”, the, paid attention, the, creator, work, in, his, to movies.

2. David Duchovny, of, English, was, in, on, the, family, the, 7th, teachers, 1960, born, of, August, in.

3. First, was, as, his, hard, unemployed, year, Hollywood, he, in, was.

4. Script, Duchovny, impressed, the, for, greatly, the, “X-Files”.

5. Well, education, at, school, he, Princeton University, very, studied, and, to continue, his, in, decided.

III. Write out all the words connected with the topic “Cinema” and use them in sentences of your own.

Example: acting classes.

At the beginning of this career every actor must attend acting classes.


Text 8


Steven Spielberg: Movie Wizard


He seems to be the all-power wizard and a cinematic magician for us. His films make us scream with laughter or shiver with horror.

The son of a computer scientist and a gifted pianist, Spielberg spent his early childhood in New Jersey and, later, Arizona. He was 11 when he first got his dad’s camera and began shooting short films about flying saucers and World War Two battles.

At the age of 13 he won a contest with his 40-minutes film Escape to Nowhere. At the age of 16 he produced the movie Firelight and it was shown at the local cinema.

But a real success came in 1975, when Spielberg created Jaws. That little fish tale became the biggest hit of its time. This movie opened up went on to snake Hollywood with Close Encounters, Raiders of the Lost Ark, ET, and Jurassic Park.

Today, Spielberg is one of the most financially successful filmmakers ever. But his talents aren’t limited to the movie set. Spielberg has also proved to be one of Hollywood’s most nimble entrepreneurs. His business empire includes video games, toys and even restaurants.

But what is his source of inspiration? He draws it from his 7 children (two of them are adopted). Spielberg likes to spend time with his children. His house resembles a large playground – he keeps there 2 parrots, several snakes, and a fish tank.

Ask him where he gets his ideas and he shrugs. “The process for me is mostly intuitive,” he says. “There are movies I feel that I need to make, for a variety of reasons, for personal reasons, for reasons that I want to have fun, that the subject matter is cool, that I think my kids will like it.”

Does he ever worry that he will run out of ideas? “I don’t have enough time in a lifetime to tell all the stories I want to tell,” says Spielberg. It sounds like the story master is going to be busy for a long, long time …


  1. Find in the text the synonyms to the following words:

  1. talented

  2. to make a film

  3. to continue

  4. to take out of

  5. to start

  6. a competition

  1. Find in the text words characterizing Seven Spielberg. Speak about him.

  2. Find in the text all the irregular verbs. State their tense-forms and write down their three forms.


Text 9

Leonardo Di Caprio

He certainly knows what he wants. At the age of six, he decided he wanted to be an actor. When he was seven, he tried to get an agent. The agent said he should change his name because it was too Italian. Leonardo refused.

Leonardo Di Caprio is one of the hottest young film stars around at the moment. His face has been on the covers of all the top movie and youth magazine and he has been the subject of countless articles, rumours and showbiz gossip. Leonardo doesn’t like reading about himself. “I read things about me that I’ve never said in my life and never done,” he says.

Leonardo Di Capio was born in Los Angeles on November 11,1974. He’s a Scorpio. His full name is Leonardo Wilhelm Di Caprio. His mother is German and his father Italian-American. They called him Leonardo because when his mother was pregnant he started kicking while she was standing in front of a painting by Leonardo Da Vinci. His parents separated before he was born. Leo grew up in a poor neighbourhood of Hollywood.

At school he was very good at imitating people (especially Michael Jackson). This made him very popular. His childhood hero was Poseidon, the Greek god of the sea.

After appearing in TV commercials, he played the part of a

homeless boy in a TV comedy.

His big break was his leading role in This Boy’s Life.

One of his most famous films is Total Eclipse which tells the story

of the poet Arthur Rimbaud and his relationship with the writer Verlaine.

One of his most famous films was a modern version of

Shakespeare’s Rome and Juliet in a fantasy world. Leo described

his first kiss for a film as ,” the most disgusting thing in my life. “

After the tremendous success of Titanic, ”Leomania” hit the world.

Leo simply says of the Titanic experience : “ I was part of something that doesn’t come about often , if ever. I can tell my grandchildren I was in the film.” In Leo’s opinion,” the film will be remembered forever.”

He spent his post-Titanic life avoiding interviews. ”Certainly that whole year was a huge learning experience for me. There’s no handbook on what it’s like to become and how to survive it.” He says that “fame is a monster that you have no control. If you try to fight it, it just feeds the fire”.

Leonardo is very careful about the roles. He turned down the role of Robin in Batman Forever and it took him an awfully long time to choose The Beach.

Leo likes his job. “The best thing about acting is that I get to lose myself in another character and actually get paid for it,” he says. “As for myself, I’m not sure who I am. It seems that I change every day”.


  1. Find in the text the antonyms to following words:

  1. to agree

  2. to stop

  3. behind

  4. to die

  5. to be bad at smth

  6. pleasant

  7. reality

  8. to turn down

II. Find in the text the adjectives in the comparative and superlative degrees of comparison. Analyze the ways of their forming.

AN INTERVIEW WITH A POP STAR


l. Use the verb in the brackets in the correct tense-form:

P: Our special guest in the studio today is Bob Bubble. Welcome to the show, Bob.

B: Thanks. It’s great (be) here.

P: You are only 21, but yon (already, play) in 10 films. How old (you, be) when you (act) in your first film?

B: l (be) 12.

P: What (your parents, say)when they(see)you on the screen for the first time?

B: When my first film (appear), my parents (be shocked). My father said that I (disappoint) him.

P: (He, be disappointed, still) with you?

B: No. I (think) he (be proud) of me.

P: Bob, I know you (not, have) much free time, but what (you, do, usually) when you are not busy acting?

B: Well, I (be) fond of windsurfing.

P: One last question, Bob. Are you married?

B: Not yet. I (get married) only when I (meet) the girl of my dream.


  1. Say what you have learnt about BoB Bubble.

  2. What other questions would you like to ask BoB Bubble?

Read the interview with Mel Gibson


Mel Gibson:”I am not really interested in being a star”

His photos are in newspapers all over the world. Not bad for someone who got started in the acting business by accident. Let`s get to know him a bit better. Mel Gibson answered some questions of the journalist.

-My real dream was to be a journalist. But my sister always said I’d be a good actor, and she put my name down for the Academy without even telling me! I remember that the first lessons ware really boring. And then suddenly I discovered the enthusiasm.

-How did you start off acting?

-I began by acting in classical pieces of drama with the Australian Theatre Company. I got a lot of experience during that time, even if I didn’t find it fully satisfying. Bit by bit, I started thinking I about films. So, when the director George Miller offered me a part in «Mad Max» , I accepted it right away. And the film was a big hit. Later there were such movies as «Lethal weapon», «Hamlet», «Braveheart» and many others.

-How do you live with being so popular?

-I’m not really interested in being a star. I hardly ever go to big Hollywood-style parties. As soon as I have a moment free, I go out and stay with my family on the farm I owe in Australia. That’s where I can just be myself, and enjoy the things I most care about – living a normal, peaceful, happy life.


Speak about your favourite actor.


***

Word Study

Complete the sentences with the correct variant:


  1. The best way to understand a man is to put yourself in his…

a) skin

b) shoes

c) coat

  1. The remark put him on his…

a) guard

b) place

c) roof

3. If you are at a loss you feel yourself go…

a) pieces

b) down

c) scarlet

4. He didn’t belong to the sort of men who would care to wash dirty linen in…

a) street

b) public

c) audience

5. Even if you are eager to express your point of view sometimes it’s better to keep…

a) your nerves in check

b) your mouth buttoned

c) a clear head.



Time for jokes


First actress (behind the scenes): Did you hear the way the public wept during my death scene?

Second actress: Yes. It must have been because they realized it was only acted.


***


He (at the movies): Can you see all right?

She: Yes.

He: Is there a draught on you?

She: No.

He: Is your seat comfortable?

She: Yes.

He: Will you change places with me?


***


Claire: What is the matter with the leading actress?

Maude: She’s only got nine bouquets tonight.

Claire: Good heavens, isn’t that enough?

Maude: Certainly not. She paid for ten.


***

Father took his little daughter to the movies. He occupied a seat in the middle of the theatre, while the young lady went down to the front row to join some other children. The newsreel was showing forest fire, which frightened the little girl and she came back to take a seat beside her father.

«What`s the matter? » he asked. «Did the fire frighten you? »

«Oh, no, » she replied. «The smoke got into my eyes. »


***

A very dull play was talked of; and somebody tried to defend it saying: «It was not hissed. »


***

After a hot argument with the stage manager a film star cries in a petulant way:


«If you were my husband, I’d put poison in your tea. »

«Madam, » replied the stage manager with a most charming smile, «if were your husband, I’d gladly drink it. »


***


Jack and Dick were watching a film on television. In one scene a man was riding madly towards the cliff.
“I bet you 10 pounds that he falls over the cliff,” said Jack.
“Done,” said Dick
The man rode straight over the cliff. As Dick handed over his 10 pounds, Jack said: “I feel a bit guilty about this. I’ve seen the film before.”

So have I,” said Dick, “but I didn`t think he’d be fool enough to make the same mistake twice.”


***

A young girl was to be starred in a Hollywood thriller. There was a place in the script where she was to jump from a high mountain into the water. When the young actress was shown around the place, she ran to the producer and said: “I won’t jump. There is only a foot of water at the bottom of the hill!”

That`s all right,” said the producer. “Do you think we want you to get drowned?”

***


This is a story that Charlie Chaplin liked to tell about himself.

It happened when the great actor had become world famous. A theatre announced that a competition would be help to see who could act like Charlie Chaplin. Those taking part had to dress like Chaplin, walk like Chaplin and act out one of the roles in a Chaplin picture.

When Charlie Chaplin heard about the competition, he decided, as a joke, to take part in the competition himself. Naturally, he kept his plan a secret from everybody.

When the results of the competition were announced, Chaplin found out that he had failed – he hadn’t won the first prize. At first he was greatly disappointed but then he decided that it would be the best to laugh.


Put the following adjectives into the gaps:

Scientific, happy, amazing,

fantastic, successful, frightening,

prehistoric.

One of the most ……… film directors in Hollywood history is Steven Spielberg. His film “Jurassic Park” was a box office hit, filling cinemas all over the world. The film is about dinosaurs, not millions of year ago, but in the present day.

A millionaire found a way to make dinosaurs using all the modern ……… knowledge and technology. He built a big park in South America, where visitors were able to come and see these ……… creatures.

A group of people, including two grandchildren of the millionaire, came to see round the ……… park. Things went wrong. The computers controlling the gates and fences broke down, and the dinosaurs and other animals escaped and scared the visitors. The film is both ……… and exciting, but like most Hollywood movies, there is a ……… ending.


Full in the following prepositions and adverbs. Some can be used more than once.

Out of, at, in front of, on, off, out, to, of, over.

One famous Hollywood director was planning to film a brief, yet emotional epilogue ……… his film. The hero and heroine were to stand …… a rocky hill and, as they talked, the sun would rise slowly …… the ocean. Such a shot is not a always made …… the sea-shore. Rather, the sunrise is sometimes filmed separately and then thrown …… a studio screen. The actors perform …… this screen, and the whole scene is filmed.

So the director ordered the camera crew to get him a first-class sunrise. The sun does not rise …… the coast …… California, they pointed …… - it sets. The director quickly recovered. “All right”, he said. “Give me a sunset. We’ll simply reverse the film, run it backwards, and we’ll have our sunrise”.

All went according……the plan. Even the workmen stopped to watch the filming. The hero and heroine were exchanging their passionate glances as the sun appeared……the waves behind them. Then suddenly someone let ……a piercing scream. Something was wrong!

Guess the ending.


Answer the questions.

  1. How often do you go to the cinema?

  2. Do you prefer to go to the cinema or watch video films at home?

  3. What sort of films do you like most? Comedies? Romantic films? Films dealing with social problems? Horror films? Science fiction films?

  4. What films do you prefer: films made in your own country or foreign films? Why?

  5. Who is your favourite actor, actress, director?

  6. What film impressed you more than others? Why?


SERIALS: ANNOING OR ATTRACTING?

1. Do you like serials?

2. Why do producers make serials?

3. Do people express different opinions on them?

4. What problems are usually taken into consideration?

5. Do the members of your family enjoy watching serials?

6. Why are serials sometimes called “soap operas”?


Word Study

I. Give English equivalents of the Russian words in brackets.

Translate the sentences.

1. (экранизация) of the novel “War and Peace” was a great success

with (зрители).

2. It takes a lot of time (дублировать фильмы)

3. The work of the (оператор) was excellent.

4. Many (звезды) were in the cast.

5. Very much depends on the (постановщика) of the film.

6. It’s a very old film, it’s not dubbed, it’s (с титрами).

7. Where can I check the time of the (сеанса)?

8. The film (идет) at the Russia.

9. (научно-популярное) films can be very interesting.

10. (сюжет) of the films (разворачивается) in the early 70s.

11. (съемки) were very difficult, as (актер, играющий главную роль)

fell ill.

12. Recently some (многозальные) cinema-houses were built in our

town.


II. Translate the sentences into English:

1. Первые фильмы были немые, черно-белые, непродолжительные.

Они длились 60-90 секунд. Их показывали в театрах, кафе,

магазинах.

2. Эра “говорящего” кино началась в 1927 и, хотя фильм

Джазовый певец” был преимущественно с титрами, он имел

огромный успех.

3. Одним из первых героев фильма-боевика был Джеймс Бонд.

4. В кинотеатре художественному фильму всегда предшествуют

кинохроника и реклама.

5. Американская кинопромышленность появилась в начале 90х гг.

19 века в Нью-Йорке – финансовой столице США.

6. Я считаю, что кино – это не только развлечение. Оно должно

заставлять нас задумываться, поэтому я люблю фильмы, в

которых затрагиваются социальные проблемы, а так же

проблемы взаимоотношений между людьми.

7. Музыка, декорации, спецэффекты способствуют успеху фильма.

8. Этот фильм интересен не только тем, что в нем играют

талантливые актеры, но и с технической точки зрения.

9. Режиссер использовал при создании фильма новейшие

технологии.

10. Существует огромное разнообразие фильмов: комедии, фильмы

ужасов, приключенческие фильмы, боевики,

научно-популярные фильмы, трагедии и т.д.

11. Этот фильм пользуется огромным успехом у зрителя благодаря,

с одной стороны, захватывающему сюжету фильма, а, с другой

стороныспецэффектами.


III. Give the words corresponding to the following definitions:

1) A person who draws the sets and the costumes;

2) A notice giving information about the films which are on;

3) A geographical film about travels;

4) A person who writes screenplays;

5) A person who finances a film;

6) A people who come to the cinema.


TALK ON CINEMA

Inviting someone

Invitations may be phrased in different ways and with different degrees of formality. Examples:

Neutral


  • Would you like to…? - Would you like to go and

  • I’d very much like you see a comedy with me

to…? tonight?

  • You will…, won’t you?

  • Shall we…?

Informal

  • Do you fancy…? - Hey, Julia. Do you

  • What about…? fancy coming to the

  • Come and …? cinema with

  • Why don’t we…? me tomorrow?

Formal

  • We should be very pleased - Would you care to go

if you could… to the cinema with us?

  • We would be delighted if

you were able to…

  • Would you care to…?


Replies to invitations

The form of acceptance or refusal depends upon the form of the invitation received.

Acceptance Refusal

Neutral

  • Thank you. I’d like - Thank you very much,

to (very much). but…

  • That would be very - That’s very kind

nice. of you, but…


  • With pleasure. I’d - I wish I could,

like nothing better. but…

- I’m terribly sorry,

I don’t think I can.

Informal

  • Rather! All right! - I’d love to, but…

  • I won’t say no! - Oh, what a shame

  • Great!/Lovely/ I’m going to be

Smashing… somewhere else!

  • O.K.! I’d love to… - Sorry, I can’t.

Formal

  • We’d be delighted - Much as I should

to… like to, I’m

  • We’d very much afraid…

like to… - Much to my

  • That’s really very regret, …

kind of you… - That’s very kind

  • What a splendid of you, but…

idea! - Unfortunately,…


Dialogue 1

A: Would you like to come to the cinema tonight?

B: I’d love to. What’s on?

A: They’re showing the musical “My Fair Lady” at our

local. I’ve booked two seats.

B: Isn’t the film a screen version of “Pygmalion”, a play

by Bernard Shaw, the famous English playwright?

A: Yes, it is. By the way, Audrey Hepburn plays the

leading part. She’s my favorite actress. Let’s meet near

the cinema at 6.15. The show starts at 6.30.

B: Fine. See you later.

A: See you soon.


Dialogue 2

Lena: You aren’t busy tonight, are you?

Mike: Oh, no. I’ve already done my homework.

Lena: What about going to the Russia and seeing a film there?

Mike: That’s a good idea. But what is on?

Lena: They are showing a new film. It’s the film version of a ……

by …… It has been recently released. They say it’s very good.

Mike: Then, let’s go.

Dialogue 3

Alice: Do you fancy going to the cinema on Sunday? There is a new

film by Spielberg.

Mary: I’d love to. Do you think we’ll manage to get tickets? I know his films are very popular with the public.

Alice: You are quite write, but I’ve already booked tickets by

telephone.

Mary: Oh, it’s wonderful. Is it a matinee or an evening performance?

Alice: It’s an evening performance. I don’t like matinees with so many children who are very noisy. The beginning is at 6.

Mary: Then let’s meet at 5.40 outside the cinema-house.

Alice: It’s suits me fine.

Mary: Then it’s settled good-bye.

Alice: See you soon.

Make up your own dialogue, inviting your friend, relative,

business partner.

Impressions of a Film

Dialogue 1

  1. Read the dialogue:

Mother: What were you doing this afternoon, Mary?

Mary: On my way home, passing by a cinema-house I saw a poster advertising a new film directed by John Millford. I am fond of his comedies so I decided to see the film. There were not many people at the box-office.

Mother: Have you enjoyed the film? What is it about?

Mary: Oh, greatly! It’s a very funny comedy about

a young man who always finds himself in awkward

situations and how he gets out of them.

Mother: Was the cast good? Who was the film starring?

Mary: The leading role was played by a young actor, but I have forgotten his name. As to the cast in general, it was superb. Besides the feature film there was a newsreel and very good animated cartoons on the program. The tickets for this show were more expensive than usual.

Mother: And where is the film on?

Mary: It’s on at many cinema-houses in the centre.

Mother: If I have spare time tomorrow afternoon I’ll go and see the film too. I haven’t been to the cinema for ages.

Mary: A very good idea. I’m sure you will enjoy the film.


  1. Say what you have learnt about the film which Mary saw.

Dialogue 2

A: What films are on this week? Are there any worth seeing?

B: “Romeo and Juliet” is on. I saw it at our local cinema the other day. Everybody says it is very good.

A: As a matter of fact, I prefer seeing ballet performed at the theatre especially if the plot and and the music are familiar.

B: I don’ quite agree with you. Sometimes I find that ballet is much more expressive on the screen.

A: Do you? Then what’s your opinion of the screen version of “Romeo and Juliet”?

B: I think it’s wonderful from beginning to end. I enjoyed every minute of it. The cast is very well chosen and the dancing is excellent.

A: Well, I must go and see it for myself since you praise it so highly.

B: You certainly must. I’m sure it will make you change your mind about ballet films.

A: We’ll see. Well, then I’ll be looking forward to having a good talk with you about it.

Dialogue 3

Ann: Well, how did you like the film?

Jane: Fantastic! The cast was excellent.

Ann: No wonder, with so many stars in it. You can call it an all-star cast.

Jane: I’m fascinated by N’s acting.

Ann: I am with you here. I greatly enjoyed the scene when he finds out the truth about his brother. From my point of view his acting was very convincing.

Ann: I believe she might have been a bit more natural. There was something stilted about her acting.

Jane: Was there? I’m afraid I can’t agree with you. And did you like the scenery?

Ann: It was splendid. It contributed much to the success of the film.

Jane: I’m very thankful to you for this lovely evening. After all, it was your idea to see this film.

Ann: Nothing to speak of.


Think of the questions and statements to which the following sentences are the answers.

1. A: …?

B: I enjoyed every minute of it. It’s an excellent film.

2. A: …?

B: I think it’s one of the best films about writers.

A: …?

B: He played his part brilliantly.

3. A: …?

B: Yes, I’ve booked two seats.

4. A: ...?

B: Well, everyone says the pay is a complete failure.

5. A: …?

B: I׳d love to. Thank you very much.

6. A: …?

B: That would be very nice. Thank you.

7. A: …?

B: Yes, it suits me perfectly



Make up your own dialogue. Exchange your impression of a film. The words given below might be useful.



Question

Merits

Demerits

How did you find the

Film?

1. It was first-rate from beginning to end.

2. Extremely interesting.

3. Wonderful.

4. It left a lasting

Impression with me.

5. I enjoyed it greatly.


1. Awfully dull.

2. Just terrible.

3. A sheer waste of time.

4. I was bored to death.

5. Difficult to understand.

6. I felt like walking out.

7. The film is not worth discussing.

Did you like N׳s acting?

1. Immensely. She was superb.

2. I certainly did.

3. She made me believe everything she did and said.

4. She penetrated deeply into the inner world of her character.

5. She played convincingly.

1. No, I didn’t. She was dull.

2. She was stilted.

3. She didn’t show talent for…

4. Her playing didn’t convince me.

5. She looked awkward sometimes.

6. Her voice sounded lifeless.

7. Her playing left much to be desired.

What do you think of the scriptwriter?

1. The film is full of humour.

2. Very witty.

3. Good language.

4. His characters are vivid and real.

5. He touches upon important problems.

6. Situations are funny.

7. A great master of intrigue.

1. He has no talent for writing dialogues.

2. Very ordinary.

3. He lacks fantasy.

4. It fell short of our expectations.

What do you think of the scenery?

1. Perfect. It contributed much to the success of the film.

2. The light and special effects were impressive.

1. Dull. It didn’t play any role.

2. The light and special effects were out of place.


How did the audience receive the play?

1. It was a warm reception.

2. The audience was pleased /amused.

1. The audience lost interest and began to talk.

2. Many people left the hall.


Translate the following dialogues from Russian into English:


  • Давай сходим сегодня в кино?

  • Отличная мысль! А что идет?

  • Я вчера просматривала афишу: в « Октябре » идет новый приключенческий фильм про Джеймса Бонда.

  • Мне нравятся приключенческие фильмы. На какой сеанс пойдем?

  • Как насчет 8:00?

  • Мне подходит. Давай встретимся в 7:30 у кинотеатра.

  • Договорились. Пока!

  • До вечера!

***

  • Как насчет того чтобы сходить сегодня вечером в кино?

  • Я бы с удовольствием, но, к сожалению, я очень занят. Я должен подготовить доклад.

  • Очень жаль.

  • Может быть, сходим в воскресенье. Я слышал, в «России» идет комедия. Говорят, очень неплохая.

  • Хорошо. Тогда – до воскресенья?

  • Да. До свидания.

  • Увидимся в воскресенье.

***

  • Я звонила тебе вчера весь вечер. Где ты был?

  • Мы ходили в кино.

  • Понравился фильм?

  • Очень. Это была экранизация «Ромео и Джульетты».

  • По Шекспиру?

  • Да, но это современная версия. Мне понравился фильм от начала до конца. К тому же состав исполнителей подобран прекрасно.

  • А кто играет Ромео?

  • Леонардо Дикаприо. Он играл очень убедительно, его реплики были остроумны.

  • Мне кажется, что это не его заслуга, а сценариста.

  • Я не могу с тобой полностью согласиться. Он, действительно, играл великолепно. Я считаю, ты должна сходить и посмотреть это кино сама.

  • Может быть. А где он идет?

  • Я смотрел в «Мире». Обязательно сходи: там такая великолепная музыка и очень интересные декорации. Я думаю, они немало способствовали успеху фильма.

  • Если у меня завтра будет время, обязательно схожу.

  • Я уверен, тебе понравиться.


***


- Ну что скажешь?

  • Просто ужасно! Этот фильм – пустая трата времени. Я даже подумывала о том, чтобы уйти. А что ты думаешь об актере, игравшем главную роль?

  • Его игра меня не убедила. А иногда он выглядел просто неуклюже.

  • Да, его игра оставляет желать лучшего. Впрочем, то же самое я могу сказать и о сюжете фильма.

  • А музыка? Порой она была неуместна. Я считаю, что этот фильм не заслуживает обсуждения.

  • Разделяю твою точку зрения.


























Литература



1. В.Г. Тимофеев. Примерная программа учебной дисциплины Английский язык для профессий начального профессионального образования и специальностей среднего профессионального образования, Москва, 2008

2. Агабекян И.П. Английский язык для ССУЗов. М.: «Проспект»,

2010

3. Малинина И. А. Кино. Учебное пособие. Н. Новгород: ВГИПА, 2003






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Дата добавления 02.09.2016
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