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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Let’s begin with the official name of the state. It’s The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland . It’s the United Kingdom for short or U.K The capital of the U.K is London. Britain is the name of the whole country which consists of Northern Ireland ( the capital is Belfast) Wales (the capital is Cardiff) Scotland (the capital is Edinburg) England (the capital is London)
The country of traditions Tea-drinking Some English customs and traditions are famous all over the world. My favourite tradition is tea-drinking. Tea making in England is an art. The English know how to make tea and what it does for you. Seven cups of it wake you in the morning; nine cups will put you to sleep at night. If you are hot? Tea will cool you off, if you are cold, it will warm you up. If you take it in the middle of the stimulate you for further work; if you drink it in the afternoon, it will relax you for further thought. Then you should drink lots of it in off-hours. In England they say jokingly: “The test of good tea is simple If a spoon stands up in it, then it is strong enough; if the spoon wobble, it is a feeble makeshift”.
Home Sweet Home The English are stay-at-home people. There are many proverbs about home: “My house is my castle”, “There is no place like home” , “To London or Rome, hurry back home”. The English family prefers its own house to an apartment in a block of flats. Traditionally, it is a two - storied house with a lawn and a garden behind and in front of it. Usually in English home there is a fireplace in the sitting room. People are fond of sitting round the fire and watch the dancing flames. In the Middle Ages the fireplaces in the halls of large castles were very wide. Only wood was burnt. Such wide fireplaces we may see in old inns, and in some of them there are even seats inside them. When people began to use coal, fireplaces became much smaller. Fireplaces are often decorated with woodwork. Above the fireplace there is usually a shelf on which there is big beautiful clock and sometimes photographs.
Gardening The English have love of gardens. Near the houses there are always beautiful gardens with smooth lawns. Even the garage is hidden away so it doesn’t spoil the rural feeling. If we listen to the men’s talk on Monday morning in the office and in the factory. It will be about the best way of growing vegetables, fruit, flowers, bushes and other plants. The English like to make different things grow. They grow things not only in gardens but in window boxes. They will make a garden everywhere.
Climate Britain is as far north as Canada’s Hudson Bay or Siberia, yet the climate in the UK is generally mild and temperate due to the influence of the Gulf Stream which brings warm water and air. The temperature rarely exceeds 32 or fall -10. Snowfalls occasionally and doesn’t remain for long. Rainfall is well distributed throughout the year. The climate in Britain is usually described as cool, temperate and humid.
Weather The weather is so changeable that the English often say that they have no climate but only weather. Therefore it is natural for them to use the comparison “as сhangeable as the weather” of a person who often change his mood or opinion about something. The weather is the favourite topic of conversation in England. The English also say that they have three variants of weather: when it rains in the morning, when it rains in the afternoon or when it rains all day long. So, we may say that the British climate has some main features: it is mild, humid and changeable. That means that it is never too hot or too cold. Brilliant!
Sport in Britain Sports plays a very important part in people’s Lives in Britain. Cricket, football, rugby, tennis, squash and other kinds of sports are very popular in Britain. Such sporting occasions as the Cup Final, the Derby, the Boat Race are watched on television by millions of people. Sometimes such events are accompanied by strong traditions. For example, Wimbledon is not just a tennis tournament. It means summer fashions, strawberries and cream, garden parties. There are many famous sport places in Britain: Wimbledon, Wembley, Lord’s and others. Almost every sport is played in Britain English people like to watch, too. They came to watch games in any weather.
The workshop of the world. Just over 200 years ago the first industrial revolution began in Britain with such epoch-inventions as the stream engine and the first machinery for weaving textiles. Later, British inventors and engineers gave the world the first railways, steam-ships, pneumatic tyres, miners’ safety lamps, mechanical reapers, matches and many other things that now familiar everywhere.
Welcome to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland .