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Michael Afanasievich Bulgakov Completed: Vinokourov Anastasia, Markarian Sonia student 11 Class A
Biography Born into a family of the teacher of the Kyiv Theological Academy Athanasius Ivanovich Bulgakov and his wife Barbara Mikhailovna. He was the oldest child in the family and had six brothers and sisters.
His first wife and stepfather In 1917 Bulgakov began to regularly take morphine after was forced to make themselves vaccinated against deftirita for fear of infection as a result of carried out a tracheotomy patient of the child; began intense itching and pain became mute morphine, and as a result of drug use has become a habit, get rid of that (almost a miracle, according to medical drug treatment) he could only a year in Kiev, through the efforts of his first wife Tatiana and doctor IP Resurrection, his stepfather.
Creative way Bulgakov finds a job as a staff writer in one fairly well-known publication that was the beginning of his career.At this time a writer creates his first works: "diabolism", the first part of "The White Guard", and did not go unnoticed by critics story "The Fatal Eggs". The latter caused some response, because it was an explicit parody of a revolution which, from the point of view of the author, has led to chaos and ruin.
"Running" The play writer "Running" was considered by sympathy for the workers and a justification of the white movement. All of Bulgakov's play in connection with the scandal were removed from the productions. This event had a devastating impact on the health and welfare of the writer.
"Moliere" and "The Master and Margarita." If the "Moliere" touches upon the relationship of the creative personality and power, in the brilliant and controversial novel, the writer of "Master and Margarita" is considered a totalitarian regime in its entirety and destructiveness, woven religious concept and laid a deep philosophical meaning.
"The Master and Margarita." Hoax and originality of the plot of the novel Bulgakov's name is forever linked with this his brainchild, remaining an invaluable advantage during the life of the writer. The novel was created at a time when the country was triumphant orgy of arrests and repression, persecution and even former opponents were subjected to the writer. However, Bulgakov decided to write his famous letter to Stalin, which resulted in getting a job at the Art Theatre. The mystical novel by the author, like most of his important works are not published, and recorded with new productions of the play Bulgakov forced to withdraw from the Moscow Art Theatre.
Death The health status of Bulgakov's rapidly deteriorating. Doctors diagnosed him hypertensive nephrosclerosis. Bulgakov continues to use morphine, prescribed to him in 1924, in order to relieve pain simptomov.S February 1940 friends and family constantly on duty at the bedside of Bulgakov, and March 10, 1940 Mikhail Bulgakov died. On March 11 memorial service in the Union of Soviet Writers. Before the requiem Moscow sculptor SD Merkurov removes facial Bulgakov's death mask. Bulgakov is buried in the Novodevichy cemetery. On his tomb, at the request of his wife, E. Bulgakov, it was installed a stone, called "Golgotha", which was previously laid on the tomb of Gogol.
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