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The life and work of Alexander Pushkin.
Birth Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin was born in Moscow 26 may (6 June) 1799 in a noble landed family On the day of the feast of the ascension.
Family His Father , Sergei L. (1770-1838.), belonged to ancient noble family, mentioned in the Chronicles with the time of Ivan the Terrible Sister, O. S. Pavlishchev (1797-1868) Brother, Lev Sergeyevich Pushkin (1805-1852) Mother, Nadezhda Osipovna Pushkin (1775-1836.) was the granddaughter of Ibrahim Hannibal – "Negro of Peter the Great"
Childhood Little Sasha was raised by a NANNY ARINA RODIONOVNA YAKOVLEVA, who was illiterate but knew a lot and spoke smoothly. from her nurse, Pushkin received his first lessons literary skill. After he would write: But I'm the fruit of your dreams And harmonic ploys Reading only the old nurse, Friend of my youth. Nanny Arina Rodionovna
As is customary in noble families, little Pushkin hiring a tutor is a foreigner. And with 7 years Sasha begins to study German, English and French. Therefore, the first verses he wrote it in French. With 9 years of Pushkin appears a passion for reading. But of all the subjects of Sasha and did not like arithmetic. Successes and failures in home schooling
The Lyceum years In 12 years, received the rudiments home education and education, Alexander was taken to study in new just opened 19октября 1811 educational the school - Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum near St. Petersburg, a place where was located the summer residence Russian emperors. October 19, 1811, Pushkin among the 30 students was admitted to this school, where teachers were the most advanced science luminaries and pedagogy of the time. A. S. Pushkin - Lyceum student
4 and 8 January 1815 the Lyceum was the first public test, on which I returned from St. Petersburg state important people. Pushkin has just written his poem, "Memories of Tsarskoye Selo". Derzhavin was smitten: "GIVE HIM a LIRA . NOW YOU CAN DIE!" "PUSHKIN ON THE EXAM IN TSARSKOYE SELO JANUARY 8, 1815" (with paintings of Ilya Repin)
In The Mikhailovsky After a serious illness Pushkin came to the estate of the mother village of Mikhailovskoye The Pskov province. In the first years after Lyceum were written poems "The village," "The brownie", "To Chaadayev", the ode "Liberty", the poem "Ruslan and Lyudmila".
Still at the Lyceum in 1814 it became known the name of A. Pushkin after publication in the magazine "Herald of Europe" of his poems "To a friend the poet". In 1820 she published the poem "Ruslan and Lyudmila", which brought fame to the poet. Fame and glory Pushkin
South link (1820-1824.) The young poet, not knowing of caution and fear, writes and disseminates its freedom-loving poetry. Alexander I wanted to Pushkin exiled to Siberia or Solovki. Friends of Pushkin, Karamzin and Zhukovsky - hi, Luke. Pushkin was sent to serve in the South of Russia. During this period Pushkin created magnificent examples of romantic and political lyrics: "Extinguished daylight", the poem "Caucasian captive", "Bakhchsarai fountain", "Brothers-robbers", "the Song of Oleg the wise" and begins the novel "Eugene Onegin".
September 3, suddenly came the courier and the poet gave the order to immediately be in Pskov. The Governor sent in Pushkin Moscow, where he was crowned on the throne, Nicholas I, who spoke of the poet as one of "the smartest people of Russia". 8 September 1826, Pushkin returned to their homeland after years of exile and wandering. And in may, 1827, the poet received permission live in St. Petersburg. Pushkin was on the loose, among friends, he was on top of the world. These years the Golden age of Pushkin's creativity. Created many of his lyrical masterpieces – philosophical reflections on life and death, about inspiration, about the purpose of the poet, sublime and passionate love recognition: “I loved you...”, “the hills Georgia lies night haze...”, “Arion”, “Poet”, “Oro” and others. Return to Moscow
Natalie Goncharova, wife of A. S. Pushkin In the winter of 1829 on one of the ball Moscow Pushkin met Natalya Goncharova. At the time she was 16 years old. Her exquisite beauty, youth excited the poet. In the spring of 1829, Alexander made the first offer. Only with 4 times the Pushkin proposal was accepted and on 6 may 1830 he was engaged.
After receiving consent to marry N. Goncharova, in the summer of 1830 Alexander went in the Nizhny Novgorod estate of their family - Boldin, to lead in the household problems. In Boldino, from-for epidemics of cholera, he is forced to stay three months. Here Pushkin finished the novel “Eugene Onegin”, “The Tale Of Belkin”, “Little tragedies”, “The tale of the priest and his worker Balde”, 30 poems.
The last years of Pushkin's life – years of hard work and high ideas, noted the hostility of the surrounding its society, literary loneliness, material difficulties. But in those years there appeared many works, such as the poem “once Again I visited...” and “I am a monument erected without hands...” The last years of his life (1834 – 1837)
In November 1836 Alexander receives from Dantes a letter in the mail, the content of which insults him and honor his wife. Pushkin calls Dantes to a duel. Call
On January 27, 1837, at 5 o'clock p.m., on The black river in the suburbs of St. Petersburg there was the fateful duel of A. S. Pushkin with Dantes, which Pushkin was mortally wounded in the stomach. After two days, in terrible agony, Pushkin died 29 January (now February 10), 1937. "The poet perished, the slave of honor! Fell slandered by rumors..." M. Y. Lermontov
"You're like a first love, the heart of Russia will not forget!.." F. Tyutchev And this is indeed the case. Centuries pass, generations replace generations, but the name of Pushkin forever will be a bright star burning in the sky of Russia and the whole world! Many of the works of Pushkin filmed. Do you know the films based on the works of Alexander Pushkin? Works by A. S. Pushkin, staged at the Opera house and the ballet stage. Music to Pushkin's works were written by the composers.
A. S. Pushkin was buried in Svyatogorsky monastery in the Pskov region Tomb as Pushkin after the poet's death Tomb of Alexander Pushkin in our time
Thank you for your attention!
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