Урок английского языка по теме "Соединенные Штаты Америки" (6-й класс)
Хафизова Танзиля Магсумовна, учитель английского языка высшей категории
Используемый УМК: Английский язык 6 класс. О. В. Верещагина, И. В. Михеева.- М.: Просвещение, 2009; поурочные разработки по английскому языку. О. В. Наговицына.- М.:ВАКО, 2005
Совершенствовать речевые умения и языковые навыки учащихся.
Расширять кругозор учащихся, их представление об истории, географическом положении, политической системе Соединенных Штатов Америки.
обучение диалогической и монологической речи на основе тематической лексики; формирование лингвострановедческой компетенции;
совершенствование этических норм общения и развитие эстетического восприятия действительности;
Развивающая: Развитие коммуникативных навыков;
Воспитывающая: Формировать у учащихся интерес и уважение к культуре и народу страны изучаемого языка;
I. Сообщение цели урок
T: – Good morning, students! – I’m glad to see you. Sit down, please! – How are you today?
P: - Fine, thanks.
T: - Today we are going to summarize the information about the USA. You will have a chance to demonstrate your deep knowledge about this country. Once again we are going to speak about its geographical position, its people and political structure, about famous American presidents and about the history of the country.
II. Фонетическая разминка
T: Now let’s do a phonetic drill.
T: We’ll start with a tongue twister. Look at the screen, what can you see?
P: I think it is a sea or an ocean shore.
T: That’s right, it’s a sea shore. Listen to the tongue twister and be ready to say it as quickly as you can.
(Ученики повторяют скороговорку сначала за учителем, затем сами.)
III. Речевая разминка
T: - Now, answer my questions, please.
1) Who is the president of the USA now?
Ps. The President of the USA now is Barack Obama.
2) Who was the previous president of the USA?
Ps. The previous president of the USA was George W. Bush.
3) Who was the first American president?
Ps. The first American president was George Washington.
4) What is the official residence of the American presidents?
Ps. The official residence of the American presidents is White House.
T: You know that the Americans love and proud of their Motherland. They enjoy patriotic songs. We are going to sing the official song of the USA “America, the Beautiful”. But first of all, please, repeat the words after me.
(Ученики повторяют слова песни за учителем.)
T: Let’s sing the song all together.
(Ученики поют песню все вместе.)
IV. Тренировка в ответах на вопросах. Тренировка навыков диалогической речи.
T: So, we start our work with revising the information about the USA. Let’s have a talk. Look at these slides. You have to make up as many questions as you like and answer them. Please, begin!
• Where is the USA situated?
• The USA is situated in the central part of the North American continent.
• What is it washed by?
• The USA is washed by Pacific and Atlantic Oceans
• What is the typical weather of the country?
• The USA has every kind of weather.
• What is the population of the country?
• In the U.S. there are more than 250 million people
• What mighty rivers of the USA do you know?
• The largest rivers of the United States are Mississippi, Columbia, Colorado, Rio Grande. Mississippi River is the largest river in the United States and North America, one of the largest rivers in the world.
T: What are the most famous places to enjoy the beauty and the power of the wild America?
Ps. The most famous places to enjoy the beauty and the power of the wild America are Grand Canyon, Yosemite Valley, Yellowstone.
T: What attracts people to the Grand Canyon?
Ps. The size and beauty attracts people to the Grand Canyon.
T: What else do you know about the Grand Canyon?
Ps. The Grand Canyon is one mile deep and 200 miles long.
Ps. There are different kinds of plants and animals in the Grand Canyon.
Ps. The Grand Canyon looks different at different times of the day.
Ps. The Grand Canyon looks different at different seasons and weather.
Ps. In winter it is covered with snow.
T: How do you understand the phrase “The USA is a big melting pot?”
Ps. People of many different nationalities live in the USA.
T: What main cities of the USA can you name?
Ps. Main cities of the USA are New York, Washington, Los Angeles, Chicago, Boston and others.
Слайд № 11-15
Слайд № 5, 16
T: Can you show the city of Los Angeles on the map?
Ps. Yes, of course.
T: Thanks. I want to introduce you to Mrs. White; she was born in Los Angeles, but left it for London at the age of 10. After living in London for 50 years she came back and didn’t recognize her own town: it had changed a lot. Let’s look and say what had happened in the city before Mrs. White came back.
But first tell me, please, what tense do you use to speak about past events?
P: We use Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect.
T: Right you are. And what tense should we use to speak about the events that had happened even before those described with the help of Past Indefinite?
P: We use Past Perfect.
T: That’s it! And what does the verb look like in this tense?
T: We should use the auxiliary verb “had” and the third form of the main verb in Past Perfect
Слайд № 20-25
T: Exactly! So, look at the screen and say what had happened in the city of Los Angeles before Mrs. White came back to it.
You’ll see some hint words, use them.
V. Тренировка навыков говорения с опорой на план.
T: Now let’s check your knowledge about the US government and about the US Constitution. First of all, answer my question, please:
Why can the US government be compared with a tree?
T: Now, let’s speak about the US Congress.
Use the questions on the screen to speak about the US Congress, please.
What does the word “congress” mean?
Ps. The first branch of the government is the Congress. The Congress is a meeting of representatives from all states.
What does the Congress do?
Ps. The Congress makes the laws.
Where does it meet?
Ps. The Congress meets in the US Capitol in Washington, D.C.
What are its two parts?
Ps. The Congress is divided into 2 parts, the Senate and the House of Representatives.
What do you remember about the Senate and senators?
Ps. Every state sends 2 members to the Senate. These people are called senators. There are one hundred senators. A senator’s term is 6 years.
What do you remember about the House of Representatives and congressmen?
Ps. Each state also sends people to the House of Representatives. They are called congressmen. The number of congressmen depends on the number of people who live in the state. There are 435 congressmen in the House of Representatives.
T: The next branch of the US government is the president and his helpers.
Look at the screen and answer the questions.
What does the President do?
Ps. The President signs bills and then they become law.
Who helps the President?
Ps. The Vice President and members of the Cabinet help the President.
Who can become the President? A person who was born and lives in the USA for 14 years and who is 35 years old can become the President.
How long can one be the President?
Ps. The President’s term is 4 years and one can be President for 2 terms.
When do people vote for their President?
Ps. People vote for their President every leap year.
T: The last branch of the US government is the Supreme Court.
“Equal justice under law” (Равное правосудие по закону) says the inscription on the building of the Supreme Court.
Now look at the screen once again and answer the questions.
What does the Supreme Court do?
Ps. The Supreme Court sees that the President and the Congress follow the Costitution.
How many judges are there in the Supreme Court?
Ps. There are nine judges in the Supreme Court.
How long do the judges work in the Court?
Ps. The judges work in the Supreme court as long as they live.
Слайд № 30
T: What can you say about The Constitution of the USA?
Ps: The Constitution is the highest law in the USA.
T: Right you are. The Constitution is the highest law in the USA which describes the powers of the national government and the powers of the state governments.
VI. Выполнение теста
Слайд № 31, 32
T: I think that you are tired a little, so let’s have a break and play a Quiz game.
Attention to the blackboard, choose the right answer. Be attentive and good luck!
VII. Тренировка навыков устной речи на основе прочитанного текста
T: We are going to speak about the American Presidents. They have always been the most important people in the USA. Several lessons ago we read about the two greatest American presidents George Washington and Abraham Lincoln. You have learnt a lot of interesting facts about their lives, features of their characters that helped them to become presidents.
Let’s remember their biography.
Слайд № 33, 34
Слайд № 35,36
VIII. Тренировка навыков аудирования
T: Now we are going to listen to the text “Women’s Rights” and to do the task on it.
Look at the blackboard and read the questions.
Слайд № 37,38
At the beginning of the 19th century women in America didn't have equal rights with men, ...?
... to speak in public or vote or study at most colleges?
Who decided ...?
When ... to discuss women's rights?
What ... after their meeting?
What rights ...?
Women in America received their rights soon after they
began fighting for them, ...?
What ... understand?
T: Now listen to the text and get ready to complete the questions.
At the beginning of the 19th century women in America did not have equal rights with men. They did not have the right to speak in public, to vote. They were not allowed to study at most colleges. In most states married women could not own land or houses. Two women Elizabeth Stanton and Lucretia Mott decided to meet with other women to try to change laws and customs. In 1848 women from all over the country met to discuss women's rights. After their meeting where all men and women were declared equal, women began publicly speak about their rights, the right to own and sell property, to get education, to work at any job or in any profession, to vote; in fact to be equal with men.
Many years passed before women began to receive these rights. Many women understood they had to work together for the rights of all people, be they black or white, men or women, slaves or free.
T: Thank you very much. Now let’s answer them.
IX. Итоги урока
Слайд № 39
T: Our lesson is coming to the end. Most of you worked very well.
X. Объяснение домашнего задания
Слайд № 40
T: Imagine that you are a visiting Professor from Harvard University. Get ready to tell Russian students about the US government.
Слайд № 41
Географическая карта, портреты президентов, фотографии и открытки с видами США.
Учебник английского языка дл 6 класс школ с углубленным изучением английского языка под ред. О. В. Верещагиной, И. В. Михеевой.
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