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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Рабочие программы / Разработка урока "Great Britan it's geography".

Разработка урока "Great Britan it's geography".

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Form: 8 “А”

The theme of the lesson: Great Britain, it’s geography.

The type of the lesson: Combination lesson.. /Аралас сабақ/

non-tradition /дәстүрлі емес,/

The aims of the lesson.

Educational / Білімділік мақсаты/:

To enrich pupils’ knowledge about Great Britain and its parts such as Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, England.. Ұлыбритания және Солтүстік Ирландия жайлы мәлімет бері, сөздік қорын молайту. Мәтінді тыңдай отырып керек мілметті анықтауға үйрету. Мәтінді оқып, аударуға үйрете түсу.

Developing/ Дамытушылық мақсаты/: To develop pupils’ speaking, reading, listening and writing skills. To develop pupils’ abilities in reading for understanding. Оқушылардың сөздік қорын молайта отырып, сөйлеу, жазу, оқу, тыңдау дағдыларын дамыту. Еске сақтау қабілетін дамыту. Пәнге деген қызығушылықтарын арттыру.

Bringing- up /Тәрбиелік мақсаты/:

to enlarge pupils interest in learning foreign language. Топпен жұмыс істеуге үйрету. Сөйлеу мәдениетіне тәрбиелеу. Білімге, тілге деген сүйіспеншілікке тәрбиелеу.

Method of lesson: role-play, question-answer, individual work, games

Әдіс- тәсілдер: сұрақ-жауап, оқулықпен жұмыс, топтық

Шығармашылық жұмыс: әр топқа Британия елдері туралы материалдар жинақтау.

The visual aids:

Active board, slides, cards, test.

Көрнекілігі: интерактивті тақта, слайдтар, тесттік тапсырмалар, карточка.

The plan of the lesson:

  1. Organization moment

  2. Checking the home task

  3. Presentation the new lesson.

  4. Exercises a/ speaking b/ writing c/ reading

  5. Conclusion

  6. Homework

  7. Evaluation.

Procedure of the lesson

  1. Organization moment

Hello to everybody! How are you? Who is on duty today? Who is absent? And now look at the active board and you can the poem. First of all I will read it for you then we will read it in chorus and one by one according to the chin.

Phonetic drill. Slide 4

A sailor went to sea,

To see what he could see.

And all he could see,

Was sea, sea, sea

II. Checking the homework.

Let’s check your homework? What was your home task for today? /to learn by heart names of countries, nationalities and their capitals./

Checking the home task we must complete this table. You must write missing words.

Country

Capital

Nationality

China


Chinese


London



Astana



Delhi

Indian



Japanese

France




Berlin

German


III. Presentation of new theme.

Children, today we will do a lot of work. Today we will learn new theme “Great Britain, it’s geography?” Today we will learn about Great Britain and its main parts. Today we divide our class into 4 groups because Great Britain has main 4 parts.

  1. “England” Eldos

  2. “Scotland”

  3. “Wales”

  4. “Northern Ireland”

Our pupils home was to prepare some information about Great Britain.

Great Britain

“England” “Scotland” “Wales” “Northern Ireland”

Speaking”

1st group “England” you are welcome.

England

Climate

Main article: Climate of England

England has a temperate maritime climate: it is mild with temperatures not much lower than 0 °C (32 °F) in winter and not much higher than 32 °C (90 °F) in summer.[123] The weather is damp relatively frequently and is changeable. The coldest months are January and February, the latter particularly on the English coast, while July is normally the warmest month. Months with mild to warm weather are May, June, September and October.[123] Rainfall is spread fairly evenly throughout the year.

Important influences on the climate of England are its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, its northern latitude and the warming of the sea by the Gulf Stream.[123] Rainfall is higher in the west, and parts of the Lake District receive more rain than anywhere else in the country.[123] Since weather records began, the highest temperature recorded was 38.5 °C (101.3 °F) on 10 August 2003 atBrogdale in Kent,[124] while the lowest was −26.1 °C (−15.0 °F) on 10 January 1982 in EdgmondShropshire.[125]


The capital of England is London. Every year, more than 9 million people come from countries all over the world to visit London. They go to the theatres and museums; they look at interesting old buildings, many of them hundreds of years old. They sit or walk in the beautiful parks or have a drink in a pub.

They go to Oxford Street to look at the shops, or to Harrods. Two million visitors go to the Tower of London. A million more go to see St. Paul’s Cathedral.

Yes, London is a big and beautiful city with lots to see and do. The Roman city wall, St. Paul’s Cathedral, a London bus, Hampton Court Place, Downing Street.


Sight of interest.

Westminster is the government part of London. Most of the government buildings are here. The most imposing building is the Westminster Palace, in which the British Parliament sits.

BUCKINGHAM PALACE

The official London residence of the Royal family is not far from the House of Parliament. The Palace is a working building and the centrepiece of Britain's constitutional monarchy.

St.Paul's Cathedral

It is 110 meters high and it has one of the largest bells in the world, called Great Paul, weighing about 17.5 tone. Nelson and other great men of england are buried in the Cathedral. Sir Christopher Wren was buried there too. There are such words on his tomb:

The tower of London

It has been a citadel, a prison, a mint, a royal palace, even a royal Zoo once and now – a museum. The Tower of London consists of 13 towers. The most beautiful is the White tower. It’s 90 feet high with 15 feet thickness. It was the usual place for the medieval royal families to live. From Norman days the Tower has beena state


2nd group “Scotland” you are welcome.

Scotland, one of the four nations of the United Kingdom, is renowned for its history of human achievement and its majestic scenery. Modern Scotland is a diverse stimulating society with a Parliament reflecting a mature and stable democracy. It has a successful economy based on worldwide trade. Education is one of Scotland’s greatest talents and the arts are flourishing. Scots have been prominent an almost every field of activity, from philosophy and literature to engineering and medicine, and many other countries have benefited from Scottish expertise.

Capital: Edinburgh

Official language: English

Area: 30,420 sq mi

Elevation: Highest – BEN NEVIS, 4,406 ft above sea level

Population: 5, 042, 00

National symbols: Scotland’s flag is called ST. Andrews Cross

Scotland’s version of the Royal British Arms includes the arms of Scotland, England and Ireland. еркежан

Loch Ness

Whatever you believe in the Loch Ness or not, the sight of the beautiful glaciaer-gouged Loch Ness and the crumbling ruins of Urquhart Castle,, is not to be missed. Allegedly first spotted in A.D. 565 by St. Columbia, Nessitera rhombopteryx, known as Nessie, has captured the worlds imagination and remains the main draw to the Highlands Scotland. With the loch measuring 24 miles in length and 755 feet deep, Nessie makes only rare appearances, local folk aren’t particularly keen on tracking her down.

Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland, the second largest city in Scotland, and the eighth most populous in the United Kingdom. Edinburgh is the seat of the Scottish Parliament. The city is one of the historical major centres of the Enlightenment, led by the University of Edinburgh, helping to earn it the nickname Athens of the North.

National symbols

The national flag of Scotland, known as the Saltire or St. Andrew's Cross, dates from the 9th century, and is thus the oldest national flag still in use.

Although there is no official National anthem of Scotland. Flower of Scotland is played on special occasions and sporting events such as football and rugby matches involving the Scotland national teams

The Flag of Scotland, also known as Saint Andrew's Cross or theSaltire, is the national flag of Scotland. As the national flag it is the Saltire, rather than the Royal Standard of Scotland, which is the correct flag for all individuals and corporate bodies to fly in order to demonstrate both their loyalty and Scottish nationality.

Climate

Main article: Climate of Scotland

Tiree, one of the sunniest locations in Scotland

The climate of Scotland is temperate and oceanic, and tends to be very changeable. It is warmed by the Gulf Stream from the Atlantic, and as such has much milder winters than areas on similar latitudes, for example Labrador, Canada, Moscow, or the Kamchatka Peninsulaon the opposite side of Eurasia.

In general, the west of Scotland is usually warmer than the east, owing to the influence of Atlantic ocean currents and the colder surface temperatures of the North SeaTiree, in the Inner Hebrides, is one of the sunniest places in the country

3d group “Wales” you are welcome.

Wales is a country which is part of the United Kingdom, bordering England to its east, and the Atlantic Ocean and Irish Sea to its west. It is also an elective region of the European Union. Wales has a population estimated at three million and is a bilingual country, with both English and Welsh having equal status.

Capital: Cardiff

Official languages: Welsh and English

Area: 8,018 sq.mi

Elevation: Highest – Snowdon, 3,561 ft above sea

Population: 3, 012, 00

Flag: The flag of Wales features a red dragon on white and green blackground. The dragon has been a Welsh symbol for nearly 2,000 years.

Ranges hills and mountains dominate much of the landscape, particularly in mid and north Wales. The Valleys radiate across the south, linking the mountains of mid Wales to the coast. This southern littoral is home to the largest centers of population, the capital Cardiff, Newport and Swansea.

districts.

The chief urban centres are Cardiff, Swansea

and Newport.

Geography

Wales is located on a peninsula in central-west Great Britain. Its area, the size of Wales, is about 20,779 km² (8,023 square miles - about the same size as Massachusetts, Slovenia or El Salvador and about a quarter of the size of Scotland). It is about 274 km (170 miles) north-south and 97 km (60 miles) east-west. Wales is bordered by England to the east and by sea in the other three directions: the Môr Hafren (Bristol Channel) to the south, St. George's Channel to the west, and the Irish Sea to the north. Altogether, Wales has over 1,200 km (750 miles) of coastline.

National symbols

The Flag of Wales incorporates the red dragon (Y Ddraig Goch) of Prince Cadwalader along with the Tudor colours of green and white.[314] It was used byHenry VII at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485 after which it was carried in state to St. Paul's Cathedral.[314] The red dragon was then included in the Tudor royal arms to signify their Welsh descent. It was officially recognised as the Welsh national flag in 1959.[315] The British Union Flag incorporates the flags of Scotland, Ireland and England, but has no Welsh representation. Technically it is represented by the flag of England, as the Laws in Wales act of 1535 annexed Wales to England, following the 13th-century conquest.

The daffodil and the leek are also symbols of Wales.

Cardiff is the capital and largest city in Wales and the 10th largest city in the United Kingdom. The city is Wales' chief commercial centre, the base for most national cultural and sporting institutions, the Welsh national media, he city of Cardiff is the county town of the historic county of Glamorgan is part of the Eurocitiesnetwork of the largest European cities.[5] The Cardiff Urban Area covers a slightly larger area outside of the county boundary, and includes the towns of Dinas Powys and Penarth. A small town until the early 19th century, its prominence as a major port for the transport of coal following the arrival of industry in the region contributed to its rise as a major city.

Cardiff was made a city in 1905, and proclaimed capital of Wales in 1955. Since the 1990s Cardiff has seen significant development with a new waterfront area at Cardiff Bay which contains the Senedd building, home to the Welsh Assembly and the Wales Millennium Centrearts complex.

4th group “Northern Ireland” you are welcome.

Northern Ireland is the smallest of the 4 major political divisions that make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. England, Scotland, and Wales are the other divisions United Kingdom, which is often simply called Great Britain. Belfast is Northern Ireland’s capital. Northern Ireland occupies the northeast corner of the island of Ireland. It takes up about sixth of the island. The independent Republic of Ireland occupies the rest of the island.

Northern Ireland is often called Ulster.

Capital: Belfast.

Official language: English

Area: 5,461 sq. mi. (140144 sq.km.)

Elevation: highest – Slieve Donard, 20796 ft. (852 m) above sea level. Lowest – The Marsh, near Down Patrick, 1.3 ft. (0.4 m ) below sea level.

Population: Estimated 1994 population – 1.605.000. estimated 1999 population – 1.626.000. Northern Ireland is divided into 26 district for purposes of local government . an elected council governs in Belfast and Bangor.

Cities: Blarney, Cork, Mallow, Donegal, Dublin, Galway, Kenmare, Kerry.

Northern Ireland’s flag and coat of arms have a six- pointed star and the ancient Ulster symbol of a red hand. The star and hand appear over the St. Georges cross of the English flag.

Northern Ireland’s flag and coat of arms ceased to be official symbols after Britain took direct control of the country s government in 1972. The flag is often flown by private citizens, but the official flag has always been the British Union flag.

Belfast is a capital , largest city and chief industrial center and port of Northern Ireland. Donegal Square lies in the center ob Belfast. In the square stands city hall. For many years ship building and textile manufacturing provided most of the jobs in Belfast. Belfast shipyard have built many warships and ocean liners including the famous British liner Titanic too

Nature

Northern Ireland has many smooth, clear lakes called loughs. Lough Neagh, near the center of the land, covers 159 sq. miles (396 sq. km.). it is the largest lake in United Kingdom and the largest on the island of Ireland. The longest river in Northern Ireland is the river Bann. The Bann is actually 2 rivers. The Upper Bann begins in the Mourne Mountains and flows northwestward into the southern end of Lough Neagh. The Lower Bann begins at the northern end of the lake and flows north 38 miles into the Atlantic Ocean.


Listening”

While these groups will be telling you about their country other groups will be do tests which consist of 4 questions.

1st group “England”

  1. What is the national symbol of England?

a\ red rose b\ daffodil c\ shamrock d\ thistle

  1. What is the capital of England?

a\ Edinburgh b\ Cardiff c\ Belfast d\ London

  1. The famous stone in England?

a\ Stonehenge b\ faststone c\ hendgestone c\ henge

  1. What is the capital of England is Cardiff?

a\ True b\ false

  1. Buckingham Palace is in London.

a\ True b\ false


2nd group “Scotland”

  1. What is the national symbol of Scotland?

a\ red rose b\ daffodil c\ shamrock d\ thistle

  1. What is the capital of Scotland?

a\ Edinburgh b\ Cardiff c\ Belfast d\ London

  1. The name of the “MONSTER”

a\ Nessie b\ Liza b\ loch

4. What is the capital of Scotland is Cardiff?

a\ True b\ false


3d group “Wales”

  1. What is the national symbol of Wales?

a\ red rose b\ daffodil c\ shamrock d\ thistle

  1. What is the capital of Wales?

a\ Edinburgh b\ Cardiff c\ Belfast d\ London

  1. Wales”-тің ең биік шыңы?

a\ Snowdon b\ Ben Nevis

  1. What is the capital of Wales is Cardiff?

a\ True b\ false


4th group “Northern Ireland”

  1. What is the national symbol of Northern Ireland?

a\ red rose b\ daffodil c\ shamrock d\ thistle

  1. What is the capital of “Northern Ireland?

a\ Edinburgh b\ Cardiff c\ Belfast d\ London

  1. Titanic’ кемесі қай қалада жасалды?

a\ Edinburgh b\ Cardiff c\ Belfast d\ London

  1. What is the capital of Northern Ireland is Cardiff?

a\ True b\ false

Кітаппен жұмыс. Work with book.

Ex 1 p 115 read and translate the text with your groups.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated in the north-west coast of Europe between the Atlantic Ocean on the north and north-west and the north-west and the North Sea on the East.

The United Kingdom consist of 4 parts. They are: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The UK lies on the British Isles. There are some 5500 islands. The 2 of them are the main islands. They are: Great Britain and Ireland. They are separated from the continent by the English Channel and the Strait of Dover. The West coast of the country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea.

The UK is one of the smallest countries in the world. It is twice smaller than France and Spain. The area of the UK is some 244100 square kilometers. The population of Great Britain is over 57 million people. The population lives mostly in towns and cities and suburbs.

Great Britain is not rich in natural recourses. Coal and oil are the most of them. The UK is one of the most industrialized countries. Agriculture takes also an important sector in the economy of the country. British people grow wheat, fruit, vegetables, oats.

Great Britain is well known in the world as a nature- loving country. Its people care about the flora and fauns of the British Isles. But as a highly industrialized country Great Britain encountered the problem of environmental pollution. And the people of Great Britain had a pay great attention to the problem of environmental protection. Now the state policy of Great Britain in environmental protection is to control air and water pollution and the study of man’s influence on the environment.

There are many rivers and lakes in Great Britain . The Severn is the largest river, the Thames is the most important one.

The geographical position of Great Britain gives it mild climate. The Gulf Stream influences the English climate greatly. The climate is not the same in all parts of the British Isles. The western part of the country is warmer than the eastern one.

Its is not too hot in summer or too cold in winter. It often rains in England. Rain falls in summer and in winter, in autumn and spring. Snow falls only in the North and West of the country.


Дәптермен жұмыс. Work with the copy-book.

Ex 5 p 117 Put the correct numbers into the gaps in the sentences.

  1. There are some…island on which the UK is situated. \5500\

  2. The ares of the UK is some….square kilometers. \244100\

  3. The population of Great Britain is over…\57\


Concluding stage:

V. Conclusion.

  1. What is the national symbol of England?

a\ red rose b\ daffodil c\ shamrock d\ thistle

  1. What is the national symbol of Scotland?

a\ red rose b\ daffodil c\ shamrock d\ thistle

  1. What is the national symbol of Wales?

a\ red rose b\ daffodil c\ shamrock d\ thistle

  1. What is the national symbol of Northern Ireland?

a\ red rose b\ daffodil c\ shamrock d\ thistle

  1. What is the capital of England?

a\ Edinburgh b\ Cardiff c\ Belfast d\ London

  1. What is the capital of Scotland?

a\ Edinburgh b\ Cardiff c\ Belfast d\ London

  1. What is the capital of Wales?

a\ Edinburgh b\ Cardiff c\ Belfast d\ London

  1. What is the capital of “Northern Ireland?

a\ Edinburgh b\ Cardiff c\ Belfast d\ London

  1. The famous stone in England?

a\ Stonehenge b\ faststone c\ hendgestone c\ henge

  1. Titanic’ кемесі қай қалада жасалды?

a\ Edinburgh b\ Cardiff c\ Belfast d\ London


\-What is the official name of GB? \The United kingdom of GB and Northern Ireland.\

-How many parts does UK consist of? \there are 4 parts\

-Name them \ Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, England\\ резерв

VI. Giving home work.

Our lesson is over. I think you liked this lesson. Thank you for your wonderful work.

Open your diaries and write down you home task. Your home task will be Ex 4, 6 p 117. Answer for the questions and correct the false sentences.

  1. Evaluation.

Your mark is… The lesson is over

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Дата добавления 27.10.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Рабочие программы
Номер материала ДВ-102055
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