Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами А–G и заголовками 1–8. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз.
If you go back to the time of Queen Elizabeth (1558–1603), people really knew how to eat and Chefs used to travel round Europe to get new ideas and ingredients. It was also the time when British explorers sailed all over the world. They brought home all sorts of exotic food: rice and tea from China, spices from India, coffee from Arabia. In the Americas they found tomatoes, potatoes, peanuts, pineapples, sugar and vanilla.
In the past, without cookbooks and TV programmes, women learnt from their mothers and spend hours every day in the kitchen. But then, around the end of the 18th century, life in Britain changed dramatically. The industrial revolution took families from farms in the country to the crowded cities. Men and women worked long hours in the factories. So they had no longer time or energy to cook properly at home. There was already an interest in fast food.
Every country seems to have a national cuisine and to be proud of it. So what is Britain famous for? The sad truth is that most of the British gave up cooking a long time ago and started buying ready-made meals from the shops. They love tins, tubes, packets and frozen food of all kinds. Of course, convenience food is an international phenomenon, but it started earlier and has gone further in Britain than in most countries.
It’s more than just a tradition – it is a way of life. Many people have tea first with breakfast, then at mid-morning, with lunch, at tea-time (around 5 o’clock), with dinner, and finally just before bed. As a nation, they get through 185 million cups per day! Most British use tea bags these days, but serious tea lovers still go through an almost Japanese-style ceremony. The selection of tea is very personal.
E) The country has some excellent food: lamb from Wales, shellfish and salmon from Northern Ireland, fresh fish from Scotland, cheeses from England and Wales. Unfortunately, good British food is difficult to find. Only 2% of restaurants in London serve British food. There are many more Italian, Chinese and Indian restaurants. You can have a good “British” meal without spending a lot of money by going to a pub (or public houses) that you can see everywhere in Britain.
1) Where to find traditional British food
2) Why fast food appeared
3) Modern British food
4) Traditional British drink
5) What they used to eat
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами.
As a child, Steven lived in a village. Outside the village there was a house where a strange old woman and her granddaughter Eliza lived. The often _______________________played together.
One day, Eliza _______________unusually sad. When Steven was about to leave, the old woman said, “I know you are friends. But never come to our house again. Never ever!”
The girl took the boy to the gate. “Will you miss me?” she asked. The boy said, “Yes, I will!” To his surprise, the girl said, “But I won’t! I ____________________________to see you anymore!” She closed the gate.
The next day the girl ______________________for the city.
Steven was upset but he hoped that one day he_______________Eliza again.
Five years later Steven became a student and moved to the city. He rented a small apartment on the ____________floor.
One day, when he _________________________to the university, he saw Eliza. She was sitting on the bench in the park with an ice-cream in her hand. He ran up to her and said “Hello! It’s nice to see you again!”
But Eliza looked up at ____________________, stood up and walked away.
“I wish I _____________________________what is going on,” Steven said to himself, and decided to start his own investigation.
Выберите из скобок требующуюся форму причастия.
1 . a) The girl (writing, written) on the blackboard is our best pupil.
b) Everything (writing, written) here is quite right.
2. a) The house (surrounding, surrounded) by tall trees is very beautiful.
b) The wall (surrounding, surrounded) the house was very high.
3. a) Who is that boy (doing, done) his homework at that table?
b) The exercises (doing, done) by the pupils were easy.
4. a) The girl (washing, washed) the floor is my sister.
b) The floor (washing, washed) by Helen looked very clean.
b) We listened to the Russian folk songs (singing, sung) by the girls.
6. Do you know the girl (playing, played) in the garden?
7. The book (writing, written) by this scientist is very interesting.
8. Translate the words (writing, written) on the blackboard.
9. We could not see the sun (covering, covered) by dark clouds.
10. The (losing, lost) book was found at last.
4. Расположите по порядку:
a) предложения, в которых ing форма является причастием;
b) предложения, в которых ing форма является герундием.
In this picture you can see a young man giving flowers to a girl.
Running water is always better than standing water.
John likes studying history.
Lydia could retell the English story she had read without looking into the book.
Everybody ran meet the people returning from the city.
Never jump off a moving train.
Reading books out-of-doors is his favourite way of spending the summer holidays, but he likes swimming and going on excursions as well.
You can learn what the new words mean by looking them up in the dictionary.
Before going to meet his friend he went home to change his clothes.
The remaining cakes were given to the children.
The cakes, remaining from the evening, were given to the children.