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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Тесты / Тест по дисциплине: «Theory of the English Language» (Теория языка)
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  • Иностранные языки

Тест по дисциплине: «Theory of the English Language» (Теория языка)

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материалов


Итоговый тест

по дисциплине:

«Theory of the English Language» (Теория языка)


The English language belongs to the … family of languages.

Germanic

Romance

Turkic

Slavonic

German


The development of the English language began in the … century AD.

5th

11th

3rd

10th

1066


Britain was invaded by three Germanic tribes:

the Jutes, the Angles, the Saxons

the Celts, the Romans, the Jutes

the Angles, the Goths, the Vandals

the Teutons, the Saxons, the Franks

the Saxons, the Franks, the Vindils


The Norman Conquest took place in …

1066

5th c.

7th c.

1477

1476


Printing was introduced into England by…

William Caxton

William the Conqueror

William Shakespeare

Edward the Confessor

Johann Guttenberg


Julius Caesar tried to invade Britain in …

55 BC

1066

5th c. AD

43 AD

499 AD


Say which word among the given below is Middle English.

Zephyrus

hūs

cīld

macian

norÞ


The noun in OE had the categories of …

gender, number and case

tense and time

aspect and voice

grammar and semantics

adverbial modifiers


Words, having more than one meaning, are called…

polysemantic

homonyms

synonyms

antonyms

etymological doublets


Words originating from the same etymological source, but different in phonetic form and in meaning are called:

etymological doublets

synonyms

palindromes

antonyms

polysemantic words


Dictionaries containing words and expressions of the native language and their foreign equivalents or vice-versa are called:

bilingual

unilingual

etymological

dictionaries of synonyms

spelling dictionaries


Words different in sound form and spelling but similar in meaning are traditionally

called…

synonyms

antonyms

homonyms

etymological doublets

acronyms


In the following sentence: ‘The picture is nailed to the wall’ the word nailed (to nail) is

built by means of …

conversion

back-formation

affixation

word-composition

stress-interchange


Find a pair of homophones:

to meet - meat

to lead – lead (свинец)

to lead – lid

height – hide

peak – pike


Find a pair of perfect homonyms:

bank – bank

to lead – lead

to hide – hid

been – bean

to be – bee


Say what phrase among the given below is a free-word combination:

red tapes

to fly into a passion

to take a fancy to somebody

to rise with the lark

black sheep (in a family)


Lexicology is…

the part of linguistics dealing with the vocabulary of a language and the

properties of words as the main units of a language

the branch of linguistics investigating the hearing process

the science of compiling dictionaries

the part of linguistics dealing with the syntax and morphology of a given

language

the science studying the origin of words


What are the two principal approaches in linguistics to the study of language material?

synchronic and diachronic

descriptive and prescriptive

general and special

lexicological and historic

descriptive and historical


Free morphemes …

coincide with word-forms of independently functioning words

do not coincide with separate word-forms

carry only grammatical meaning and are used for the formation only of word-

forms

are derivational morphemes

are compound words


. . . is an important branch of applied linguistics dealing with the theory and practice of

compiling dictionaries.

Lexicography

Lexicology

Phonostylistics

Theoretical grammar

Etymology


Say which word among the given below is formed by means of reduplication:

chin-chin

baby-sitter

speedometer

smog

radar


State the type of the idiom ‘to kick the bucket’ according to V.Vinogradov’s classification:

phraseological fusion

free-word combination

phraseological unity

phraseological collocation

literary coinage


The category of tense in OE consisted of …

2 forms

3 forms

5 forms

7 forms

16 forms



OE strong verbs are usually divided into … classes.

7

3

4

5

6



Say which word is of the French origin:

army

Sophie

wine

samovar

budget


. . . are words of the same part of speech, opposite in meaning

antonyms

acronyms

synonyms

homonyms

abbreviations


Completely non-motivated word-groups such as ‘a pretty kettle of fish’ are called …

phraseological fusions

phraseological unities

phraseological collocations

phraseological units

free-word combinations


Partially non-motivated word-groups; their meaning can usually be understood through the metaphoric meaning of the whole phraseological unit. These are …

phraseological unities

phraseological fusions

phraseological collocations

phraseological units

free-word combinations


Old English weak verbs correspond to Modern English . . .

regular verbs

modal verbs

irregular verbs

auxiliary

Participle II


Who was the leader of the Norman conquerors?

William the Conqueror

William Caxton

King Edward

Jeffrey Chaucer

William Shakespeare


What language did the Norman conquerors speak?

French

Swedish

German

Russian

Norwegian


The OE vocabulary consisted mostly of . . .

native words

Latin borrowings

Russian borrowings

Scandinavian borrowings

French borrowings


Which of the following words is built by means of reduplication?

goody-goody

to face

to hiss

cold-blooded

motel


Name the components of the basic triangle (referential approach to the meaning of a word).

concept, referent, sound form

emotive charge, stylistic reference, local coloring

synchronic, diachronic, referential

literary, colloquial, neutral

Old English, Middle English, Modern English


State the type of the idiom red tape’ according to V.Vinogradov’s classification:

phraseological fusion

free-word combination

phraseological unity

phraseological collocation

literary coinage


The example of homophones is:

to die – to dye

to bear – beer

mass – mass

hair – heir

lie - lay


The words to baby-sit, to cobble, to burgle are formed by means of:

back-formation

shortening

suffixation

affixation

conversion


The words goody-goody , ping-pong, dilly-dally are formed by means of:

reduplication

shortening

back-formation

blending

sound imitation


The words general, lieutenant, colonel are of … origin.

French

Germanic

Slavonic

Latin

Scandinavian


Which of the following words is of the Russian origin:

matryoshka

altar

beret

drama

mackintosh


How many morphemes are there in the word ‘disappearance’?

3

1

2

9

5


Say which words are of Scandinavian origin.

sky, skin, skill

ship, fish, shine

lieutenant, sergeant, soldier

saint, sermon, service

Manchester, Lancaster, Winchester


Say which word is OE.

helpan

zeal

kissen

kessen

kiss


English in America is . . .

a regional variety of English

a dialect

a separate language

the same as English in Australia

almost the same as in Britain but for its phonetics


Choose the word formed by means of conversion:

to milk

friendship

BBC

motel

doer


Find the word built by means lexicalization:

customs (таможня)

to burgle (from burglar)

UN

to finger

forget-me-not


Find a free-word group among the following combinations:

fall from the fifth floor

a pretty kettle of fish

to sleep like a log

to show the white feather

as cold as cucumber


Give a homophone to the word high:

hi

tall

short

height

this word has no homophones


Define the type of antonyms - man – boy:

contraries

contradictories

incompatibles

absolute

derivational


State the origin of the word rheumatism:

Greek

Latin

Russian

Celtic

French


Define the type of the following sentence (according to the purpose of the utterance): We must go to meet the bus.

declarative

interrogative

imperative

exclamatory

mixed type


Define the type of the following sentence (according to the purpose of the utterance): Who said that?

interrogative

declarative

imperative

exclamatory

mixed type


Define the type of the following sentence (according to the purpose of the utterance): It’s out of the question!

exclamatory

interrogative

imperative

elliptical

one-member


Define the type of the following sentences (according to the structure of the utterance): Freedom! The clear sky! The wonderful twitter of birds!

one-member sentences

two-member sentences, complete

two-member sentences, elliptical

compound sentences

subordinate clauses


Define the type of the underlined sentence (according to the structure of the utterance): “Where are you going now?” “To the library”

two-member sentence, elliptical

two-member sentence, complete

one-member sentence

compound sentence

subordinate clause


The origin of the words duke, duchess, prince is…

French

Latin

Greek

Scandinavian

Celtic


Say which word from the given below is Russian.

tsar

regime

clan

garage

zebra


Say what type of word-formation is used for the creation of the word crocogator (crocodile + alligator).

blending

composition

affixation

conversion

syntactical word building


Define the origin of the words: take off, die, guess, get, they.

Scandinavian

French

Spanish

Celtic

Latin


Britain was converted to Christianity in …

the 6th –7th centuries

55 BC

1066

499

1476


Define the type of syntactical connection in the following sentence:

They were sure that he would turn up.

syndetical connection

asyndetical connection

syntactical connection

analytical connection

the clauses are not connected


Define the type of clause in the sentence: The question was how to make him keep quiet.

predicative clause

parenthetical clause

attributive clause

adverbial clause

object clause


Define the type of the adverbial clause in the sentence: I told her all the truth, though at first I hesitated to.

adverbial clause of concession

adverbial clause of time

adverbial clause of place

adverbial clause of cause

adverbial clause of condition


Define the type of coordination in the sentence: The night was warm and I could keep the window open.

copulative

disjunctive

adversative

causative-consecutive

asyndetical


State which of the verbs given below is strong:

seoh

cēpte

macode

locōde

þūhte


The words pound, inch, wine, pepper, street, wall, kettle were borrowed from …

Latin

French

Dutch

Russian

Indian


The words religion, service, virgin, angel, general, lieutenant, saint are of … origin.

French

Germanic

Slavonic

Swedish

Celtic


As it is commonly known, Teutonic invaders came to Britain in 449 AD under the leadership of two Germanic kings, whose names are:

Hengist and Horsa

Bede and Alfred

William and Harold

Harold and Richard

Bede and Beowulf


Gerund appeared in the English language in . . .

Middle English

Old English

Early New English

Late New English

1066


What dialects were the most prominent in OE?

Wessex, Mercian, Kentish, Northumbrian

Wessex, Midland, Kentish, Scottish

Scandinavian and French

Mercian, Scottish, Irish, Cockney

Cockney, Mercian, East Midland, London


“Ormulum”, one of the most well-known records in East Midland, was written by . . .

Orm

an unknown author

Ormus

King Alfred

French scribes


The founder of the Tudor dynasty was . . .

Henry VII

Henry VIII

William the Conqueror

Edward the Confessor

Queen Elizabeth


In 1534 this king broke with the Pope and declared himself head of the English Church.

Henry VIII

Henry VII

William the Conqueror

Edward the Confessor

Queen Elizabeth


Parts of speech can be . . .

formal and notional

ideographic and absolute

absolute and derivational

auxiliary and link

principal and secondary


Judging by the name of the dictionary define its type: Kunin A.V. English-Russian Phraseological Dictionary.

special, bilingual

general, bilingual

special, unilingual

general, monolingual

special, multilingual


Judging by the name of the dictionary define its type: Walker’s Rhyming Dictionary of the English Language.

special, unilingual

special, bilingual

special, multilingual

general, monolingual

general, bilingual


State the type of homonyms: ‘lead’ [led]– свинец, and ‘lead’ [li:d] - вести.

homographs

homophones

perfect homonyms

derivational homonyms

full homonyms


Say which word is odd in the list.

incandescence

fame

glory

repute

notoriety


Which word is the synonymic dominant in the group ‘glare – look – stare – gaze – gape’?

look

glare

stare

gaze

gape


State the type of word-formation: rockumentary

blending

onomatopoeia

semantic stress

affixation

juxtaposition


State the type of word-formation: to enthuse (from ‘enthusiasm’)

back formation

telescopism

abbreviation

affixation

reduplication


State the type of word-formation: ash-tray

word-composition

onomatopoeia

syntactic word-building

infixation

sound-gradation


State the type of word-formation: Spanglish

blending

onomatopoeia

reduplication

affixation

juxtaposition


State the type of word-formation: CD

abbreviation

onomatopoeia

acronymy

affixation

juxtaposition


State the type of word-formation: ‘comment – to com’ment

semantic stress

sound gradation

reduplication

affixation

juxtaposition


State the type of word-formation: enviro

shortening

acronymy

conversion

affixation

juxtaposition


State the type of word-formation: zigzag

reduplication

conversion

syntactic word-building

affixation

juxtaposition


State the type of word-formation: to strike - stroke

sound interchange

onomatopoeia

semantic stress

affixation

juxtaposition


State the type of word-formation: to anger

conversion

back-formation

semantic stress

affixation

juxtaposition


State the type of the phraseologism to make hay while the sun shines according to V.Vinogradov.

phraseological unity

phraseological fusion

phraseological collocation

free-word combination

two-top unit


State the type of the phraseologism to have green fingers (to be a successive gardener) according to V.Vinogradov.

phraseological unity

phraseological fusion

phraseological collocation

free-word combination

two-top unit


Which of the words given below is a reduplicative compound?

tip-top

wine-glass

cock-a-doodle-doo

medicare

motel


Clipping is another name for ….

shortening

reduplication

blending

affixation

onomatopoeia


Which of the words given below is an acronym?

NATO

CIS

lab

motel

FBI


Which of the following is a phraseological unit?

once in a blue moon

at Mr. Brown’s door

at a slow pace

to watch a movie

to rise at dawn


How many morphemes are in the word ‘overpowering’?

3

2

4

12

5


Which of the words given below has an inflectional morpheme?

talked

re-read

wine-glass

lines (poetry)

to supper


Which of the words given below is built by means of lexicalization?

glasses (spectacles)

to supper

tradesman

brood - breed

‘conduct – con’duct


Which of the words given below is built by means of blending?

beefalo (beef, buffalo)

the dead

to empty

unspeakable

chin-chin


Which of the words given below is built by means of shortening?

fridge

chow-chow

to key

colors

the wounded


Which of the words given below is formed by means of syntactical word-building?

forget-me-not

ad

to fish

baby-sit

G20


Which of the words given below is built by means of sound-imitation?

to quack

smog

chow-chow

brunch

coat-of-arms


State the type of dictionary: The Penguin Dictionary of English Synonyms and Antonyms.

special, unilingual

special, bilingual

special, multilingual

general, monolingual

general, bilingual


State the type of synonyms: weak – fragile

ideographic

stylistic

absolute

derivational

incompatibles


State the type of synonyms: house - home

ideographic

stylistic

absolute

derivational

incompatibles


State the type of synonyms: terrible - horrible

absolute

stylistic

ideographic

derivational

incompatibles


State the type of synonyms: father - dad

stylistic

ideographic

absolute

derivational

incompatibles


State the type of synonyms: to bring – to fetch

ideographic

stylistic

absolute

derivational

incompatibles


State the type of antonyms: thin - fat

contraries

contradictories

ideographic

derivational

incompatibles


State the type of homonyms: heir - air

homophones

homographs

full

perfect

grammatical


State the type of homonyms: cut (Past Simple) – cut (past Participle)

grammatical

homographs

full

partial

lexical


State the type of homonyms: to lie (лежать) – to lie (лгать)

partial

homophones

full

derivational

grammatical


State the origin of the word ‘diaphragm’

Greek

Latin

French

Scandinavian

native


State the origin of the word ‘regime

French

Latin

Greek

Scandinavian

Celtic


State the origin of the word ‘chateaux

French

Latin

Greek

Scandinavian

Celtic


State the origin of the words ‘they, them, their’

Scandinavian

Latin

Greek

French

Celtic


State the type of coordination: Somebody knocked at the door but Martin did not open.

adversative

disjunctive

copulative

causative-consecutive

asyndetical


State the type of coordination: Go away otherwise I’ll call the police.

disjunctive

adversative

copulative

causative-consecutive

asyndetical


State the type of connection: I came, I saw, I conquered.

asyndetical

syndetical

subordinate

causative-consecutive

disjunctive


State the type of the underlined subordinate clause: I only write down what seems to me to be the truth.

object clause

subject clause

parenthetical clause

predicative clause

attributive clause


State the type of the underlined subordinate clause: I only asked what seemed right to me.

object clause

subject clause

parenthetical clause

predicative clause

attributive clause


State the type of the underlined subordinate clause: I am quite comfortable where I am.

adverbial clause

subject clause

parenthetical clause

predicative clause

object clause


State the type of the underlined subordinate clause: Her singing is something quite exceptional, I think.

parenthetical clause

subject clause

object clause

predicative clause

attributive clause


State the type of the underlined subordinate clause: She did exactly as he told her.

adverbial

subject clause

parenthetical clause

predicative clause

attributive clause


State the type of the underlined subordinate clause: You are, I’m afraid, far more urgently in need of medical advice than your daughter.

parenthetical clause

subject clause

object clause

predicative clause

attributive clause


What language is spoken in Denmark?

Danish

Spanish

German

Elfdalian

Icelandic


What language is spoken in Liechtenstein?

German

Spanish

Danish

Elfdalian

Icelandic


Manx, one of the Celtic languages, is spoken in …

the Isle-of-Man

Denmark

Liechtenstein

Majorca

Mozambique


The angular script of pre-Christian Angles was called ‘runes’, which means …

secret

style

run

rule

symbol


Which of the following is one of the best-known English runic inscriptions?

Frank’s Casket

Ormulum

Anglo-Saxon Chronicles

Danelaw

Beowulf


In OE there existed 4 principal dialects. Find the odd one.

Geordie

Wessex

Mercian

Kentish

Northumbrian


Which of the following is the famous OE poetic work?

Beowulf

Ormulum

Anglo-Saxon Chronicles

Danelaw

Ruthwell Cross


Canadian English and American English are sometimes grouped together as …

North American English

American Dialect

Common American English

South American English

Mid-Atlantic English


Which of the following is a Canadianism?

bear walker

war path

sombrero

tuxedo

catfish


Which of the following words has an infix?

fandamntastic

boredom

hotdog

mishmash

pains


… is a national epic which describes the real history of the fight for independence of Scotland. It was written in Middle English, in the so-called Scottish dialect.

Bruce

Ormulum

Sir Gawayne and the Green Knight

The Canterbury Tales

Beowulf


Explanatory dictionaries are also known as … .

unilingual

bilingual

trilingual

multilingual

non-linguistic


Professor A.I.Smirnitsky classified phraseological units into:

one-top and two-top units

fusions, unities, collocations

derived and absolute

phraseological repetitions and phraseological collocations

allusions and derivations


In some regions of India the word ‘school’ is pronounced as … .

[isku:l]

[shu:l]

[sko:l]

[sku:l]

[shola]


Which of the following peculiarities is not characteristic for the Indian variant of English?

It has a great number of borrowings from the Eskimo languages.

Interrogative constructions may be formed without inversion.

‘One’ is used more often than the indefinite article.

Present Perfect can be used instead of Past Simple.

In Indian English there are used numerous borrowings from Hindi, Bengali, Sanskrit.


Ebonics is … .

another term for African American Vernacular English

a branch of linguistics studying the origin of words

English vulgar language

a branch of linguistics dealing with the study of scientific terms

another term for acoustic phonetics


Ebonics is used by many contemporary writers, … is one of them.

Toni Morrison

Stephenie Meyer

George Martin

C.S. Lewis

Ken Kesey


The English language started its vast penetration into the territory of Australia at the end of the . … .

18th century

15th century

16th century

17th century

19th century


… of the 18th-19th century was often called ‘jail on a large scale’

Australia

The South African Republic

Canada

India

The USA


All the forms of the given morpheme that manifest alteration, i.e. systematic variants of a morpheme occurring in a specific environment, are called …

allomorphs

allophones

isomorphs

bound morphemes

telescopisms


… is a kind of lexical expression in which a stem expresses a conceptual category without undergoing any morphological or syntactic change (e.g. ‘cut’ as Past Simple and Present Simple for most persons and numbers).

Isomorphism

Allomorphism

Inflection

Derivation

Blending


Say which of the following words has a semi-affix.

waterproof

schoolboy

doer

unemployment

knizzow


Say which of the following words has a semi-affix.

half-read

blackboard

criss-cross

unbearable

knizzow


Say which of the following words has a prefix.

unemployment

schoolboy

doer

root

knizzow


Say which of the following words is derived.

helper

schoolboy

sharp

please

know-how


Say which of the following words is compound.

schoolboy

waterproof

doer

unemployment

knizzow


Say which of the following words is a derivational compound.

cold-blooded

schoolboy

doer

unemployment

knizzow


Say how many morphemes are in the word make.

1

2

3

4

0


Say how many morphemes are in the word boys.

2

1

3

4

0


Say which of the following words has an inflectional morpheme.

characters

glasses (очки)

to make

schoolboy

cold-blooded


Say which of the following words is built by means of acronymy.

AIDS

cablegram

lab

BBC

Bros.


Say which word among the given below is formed by means of syntactical word-building.

merry-go-round

AIDS

to bang

goldfish

the wounded


State the origin of the following words: sheep, cow, fish.

native

French

Latin

Russian

Scandinavian


State the grammatical meaning of the following words: boys, oxen, wives.

plurality

singularity

possessive case

functional parts of speech

predicatives


Say which of the following words has a connotational meaning.

glory

good

child

to look

horse


Say which of the following words does not have a connotational meaning.

budget

glory

notoriety

to kick the bucket

steed


Say which of the following words is not of the Greek origin.

machine

idiom

George

philosophy

rheumatism


According to the broad definition, intonation is defined as a complex unity of speech melody, sentence (utterance) stress, tempo, rhythm and voice timbre that is used to express thoughts, emotions and attitudes to the contents of the utterance and the hearer. This definition was given by phonetician(s) …

V.Vasiliev and G.Torsuyev

A.Antipova

D.Jones and K.Pike

I.Armstrong

O’Connor


Say which of the following is not a component of intonation.

articulation

melody

tempo

rhythm

timbre


Say which linguistic phenomenon is this joke based on:

Diner: ‘Do you serve fish here?’

Waiter: ‘We serve anyone here, sir.’

polysemy

homonymy

synonymy

antonymy

monosemy


Say which linguistic phenomenon is this joke based on:

Pam: ‘Hasn’t Harvey ever married?’

Beryl: ‘No, and I don’t think he intends to, because he is studying for the Bachelor’s degree.’

homonymy

polysemy

synonymy

antonymy

monosemy


State the type of the phraseological unit ‘double Dutch’ according to V.Vinogradov’s

classification:

phraseological fusion

free-word combination

phraseological collocation

phraseological unity

literary coinage


State the type of the phraseological unit ‘not to turn a hair’ according to V.Vinogradov’s

classification:

phraseological unity

free-word combination

phraseological collocation

phraseological fusion

literary coinage


State the type of the phraseological unit ‘to bite the hand that feeds you’ according to V.Vinogradov’s classification:

phraseological unity

free-word combination

phraseological collocation

phraseological fusion

literary coinage


State the type of the phraseological unit ‘to put something by for a rainy day’ according to V.Vinogradov’s classification:

phraseological unity

free-word combination

phraseological collocation

phraseological fusion

literary coinage


Find a pair of stylistic synonyms among the pairs given below.

to see – to behold

mirror – looking-glass

to bring – to fetch

dumb - mute

war - truce


Find a pair of polysemantic words among the pairs given below.

tie (галстук) – to tie (связывать)

spleen (хандра) – spleen (селезенка)

bow (поклон) – bow (бант)

can (мочь, уметь) – can (жестяная банка)

school (школа) – school (косяк рыбы)


Say which of the following parts of speech is indeclinable.

conjunction

noun

verb

noun and adjective

adjective


Which of the following nouns is non-human?

bee

man

woman

carpenter

burglar


Find a pair of full homonyms.

match (спичка) – match (матч)

hide (шкура) – hide (прятаться)

heard – herd

ore – or

scent – cent


Which of the following words is not built by means of onomatopoeia?

flu

yuck

buzz

fizz

click


Define the type of the italicized subordination: This is the house that Jack built.

attributive clause

parenthetical clause

predicative clause

subject clause

adverbial clause


Define the type of subordination: You are mistaken, I am afraid.

parenthetical clause

attributive clause

predicative clause

subject clause

adverbial clause


Define the type of coordination in the sentence: The night was warm and I could keep the window open.

copulative

disjunctive

adversative

causative-consecutive

subordinate


Define the type of the sentence: Everyone knew that she was a selfish woman.

complex sentence

compound sentence

complicated sentence

simple sentence

one-member sentence


The sentence is the main object of:

syntax

morphology

history of English

phonetics

literature


. . . distinguished such a part of speech as a ‘stative’.

Ilyish

Ivanova

Vassilyev

Blokh

Poutsma


Nouns are divided into:

animate and inanimate

transitive and intransitive

qualitative and relative

factive and evaluative

actional and statal


Find the example of Pluralia Tantum:

scissors

peoples

boys

information

money


What syntactical function(s) can the noun perform in the sentence?

any function

object

subject, object, predicate

subject, attribute

subject


George has an awful voice. The noun ‘George’ is…

proper noun

common noun

uncountable noun

non-human noun

inanimate noun


Define the type of the following sentence (according to the purpose of the utterance): We must go to meet the bus.

declarative

interrogative

imperative

rhetorical

exclamatory


Irish, Welsh and Scottish are … languages

Celtic

Germanic

Slavic

Arabic

Romance


The words brother , heart, sit, two refer to the …

Common Indo-European words

West Germanic words

East Germanic words

Specifically Germanic words

Specifically Old English words


Britain was converted to Christianity in …

the 6th –7th centuries

1066

499

1476

55 BC

Most of Modern English modal verbs go back to the OE … verbs.

preterit-present

strong

weak

transitive

intransitive


The words and dūn sounded … in the Old English period.

[ku: , du:n]

[ku, dun]

[kju:, dju:n]

[k, dn]

[su:, du:n]


Say which word is of the Scandinavian origin.

to give

clasp

budget

shirt

kettle


… is one of the most well-known dialects in Britain; it can be heard in Newcastle.

Geordie

Scouse

Cornish

Northumbrian

Cockney


Speakers of this dialect often pronounce words ‘them’, ‘his’, ‘they’ as [‘em, ‘is, ‘ei]

Cockney

Scouse

Cornish

Northumbrian

Geordie


Every phoneme can be modified in speech. Among different modifications we can distinguish:

idiolectal, diaphonic and allophonic

idiolectal, ideographic and diachronic

allophonic and cacophonic

euphonic and cacophonic

synchronic and diachronic


This phonemic modification occurs due to the individual peculiarities of articulation, e.g. the speaker can mumble, stammer or lisp. This modification of phonemes in speech is called

idiolectal

diaphonic

allophonic

isomorphic

diachronic


This phonemic modification is caused by historical tendencies active in certain localities (i.e. it is noticeable in some local territorial dialects). This modification of phonemes in speech is called

diaphonic

idiolectal

allophonic

isomorphic

diachronic


This phonemic modification is conditioned by phonetic environment. Thus the same phoneme in different environments may be pronounced as [æ] and [ә]. This modification of phonemes in speech is called

allophonic

idiolectal

diaphonic

isomorphic

diachronic


Parts of speech are discriminated:

on the basis of semantic, formal and functional criteria

only on the bases of phonetical criterion

only on the basis of informal criterion

only on the basis of prepositional criteria

on the basis of inflexion


Автор
Дата добавления 26.05.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Тесты
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