Цели и задачи урока:
• Учебно-практическая: активизация и закрепление лексики по теме: “Праздники и обычаи страны изучаемого языка”, развитие навыков устной речи, развитие навыков понимания иностранной речи на слух. • Познавательная: расширение и углубление культурологических знаний, повышение общей культуры общения. • Развивающая: развитие навыков языковой догадки, языковой реакции, памяти, внимания, мышления, восприятия и инициативы. • Воспитательная: формирование уважительного отношения к языку, умения активно и плодотворно работать в коллективе. • формирование умения понимать иностранную речь на слух, выразить свое отношение к предложенным утверждениям (True/ False statements) • развитие навыков устной речи, использовать в речи изученный материал по заданной теме.
Учебник “English-8”, В.П. Кузовлев, Н.М.Лапа и др.
Плакаты по теме: “Праздники и обычаи страны изучаемого языка”.
Раздаточный материал (карточки для выполнения заданий по аудированию)
Карточки с предложениями для грамматического задания.
I. Организационный момент.
Teacher: Good morning, children! I am gland to see you. Today we shall speak with you about the most famous holidays and customs of Great Britain and compare with Russian ones. We also shall revise lexical and grammar structures. I hope that it will be interesting for you during our lesson.
II. Основная часть:
1. Фонетическая зарядка.
Teacher: Look at the blackboard! And repeat the following words after me.
Christmas, holidays, New Year tree, greeting cards, presents, first foot, Valentine Cards, Easter, , to сelebrate, religious holiday,, to be connected with, holy,, old-fashioned, , forgotten, to attend, ancient.
2. Речевая зарядка (с использованием картинок):
T: Make the sentence longer. People like to celebrate Christmas.
P: People like to celebrate Christmas and New Year. (Easter и т.д.)
T: Agree or disagree with my statements. We celebrate New Year on the 1st of September.
P: That̕ s wrong. We don̕ t celebrate New Year on the 1st of September. We celebrate New Year on the 1st of January.
T: People celebrate Easter in Autumn.
P: That̕ s wrong. We don't celebrate Easter in Autumn. People celebrate Easter in spring.
T: We celebrate Victory Day on the 9th of May.
P: That's right. We celebrate Victory Day on the 9th of May. И т.д.
T: Answer my questions.
- When do we celebrate Victory Day? When do we celebrate New Year? When do we celebrate Christmas? When do we celebrate Easter? What is the most favorite holiday in your family? What are the most important public holidays in Great Britain? What religious holidays do you know? What are the most important national holidays in Russia? During what holiday do American people eat their traditional food: roast turkey? Name the date when English people celebrate Halloween. И т.д.
3. Практика говорения.
Учащиеся по подготовленным заранее плакатам, рассказывают о праздниках и обычаях Великобритании, сравнивая их с Российскими праздниками.
Now, we are going to have speaking practice. Your home assignment was to prepare 5-6 sentences about holidays and customs of Great Britain.
P1: Christmas Day is celebrated on December 25. People of different countries celebrate Christmas in various ways. Christmas is a time for eating. The traditional food is turkey, Christmas cake, Christmas pudding made of fruit. Candles at Christmas also go back to those times. People believed then that their light helped them to forget the darkness of winter. Now Christmas Tree stands in everybody’s living room at Christmas.
P2 I am from Russia. The fist holiday of the year is New Year’s Day. There are a lot of New Year traditions in Russia. In every home there is a New Year tree with lights and decorations. Children always wait for Father Frost to come and give them a present. Many people think New Year’s day to be a family holiday. But in England not all English people celebrate New Year. A lot of people go to Trafalgar Square to see the Christmas tree. They have a New Year party at home. When Big Ben strikes 12 they drink a toast for the New Year.
P 3 People in Russia have many traditions. One of them is Maslenitsa. On this holiday people say good-bye to winter. People in both countries cook pancakes with honey or sour-cream, they sing songs and dance
P4 The 8th of March is a happy and nice holiday. Each family celebrates this spring holiday. In the morning, men go to the shops to buy some flowers. They try to clean flats and to cook a holiday dinner. Sons help their fathers too: they make a cake, lay the table and wash dishes after holiday dinner. There is almost the same holiday in England. It is called Mothers' Day and celebrated also in spring. Flowers and cakes are the traditional gifts for all women England. All women try to be nice and happy on this day.
P5 : In Russia we celebrate Victory day on the 9th of May. On this day, the radio and television broadcast parade held in the Red square. High officials attend this parade. They place a wreath of flowers at the tomb of Unknown Soldier. All stand in silence for a few minutes. In Great Britain people celebrate Remembrance Day on the 11th of November. On this day, the Royal family and political leaders come to the Cenotaph to lay wreaths at its foot. War veterans march past the memorial. An endless line of people wishing to honour the veterans and those were killed in the war follows.
Teacher: So, English people enjoy holidays. Let’s show to our guests that Russia is also rich in
festivals, especially in winter. It’s time to celebrate though the weather is cold, frosty
Learn the words on Russian winter festivals.
1st New Year’s Day
7 – 19 Christmas-tide (tell fortunes, wear fancy costumes, sing carols, etc.).
19th Epiphany (established in honor of Jesus Christ, his birth and baptism; to hallow water,
swim in the ice-hole).
25th St. Tatyana’s Day – the student holiday, birthday of Moscow University.
February – March
Shrovetide – Farewell-to-Winter Festival (movable, ride a troika, climb a pole for a gift,
burn a figure of winter, etc.)
14th St. Valentine’s Day – the day when people show their love and care
23rd Country Defendant Day – is devoted to men who defended the country or were in army.
4) Teacher: Christmas-tide, Shrovetide… What are these two festivals?
5) Teacher: Find ex. 3 Read two texts and think of the highlight of Christmas-tide and
Shrovetide. Answer the questions. You have 2 minutes.
Christmas-tide is the period from January 7 till January 19 (the Epiphany). It was established by the church in honor of the birth and baptism of Jesus Christ. At the period people used to walk, wear fancy costumes, tell fortunes, sing carols. They went from house to house, gave and received gifts and treats. People had a lot of fun.
Shrovetide is the last Sunday before Lent. It is celebrated as the Farewell-to-winter Festival. On the day people have fun. Eating pancakes is a pagan tradition. It is connected with glorifying the sun: pancakes are oval as the sun. Father Frost and Spring the Beauty are the main characters of the festival. People burn the figure (scarecrow) of the Winter and welcome spring.
Valentine's Day or Saint Valentine's Day is a holiday celebrated on February 14 by many people throughout the world. In the English-speaking countries, it is the traditional day on which lovers express their love for each other by sending Valentine's cards, presenting flowers, or offering sweets. The holiday is named after Early Christian priest named Valentine.
4.British traditions and customs(презентация)
Т:What was this presentation about?
What can you say about British traditions and customs?
What British holidays do you know?
What traditions and customs are still popular in Great Britain?
What does the word “holiday” mean?
What at - home traditions are special for Englishmen?
How do English people celebrate Christmas?
When is Guy Fawkes Day celebrated
How does London greet spring?
What do you know about All Fool’s Day
What is special about Halloween?
5. Аудирование и письмо.
Учащиеся прослушивают текст и выполняют к нему задания.
Teacher: The next task is listening to the text, which is called “More about British and Russian traditions”. You must listen to the speaker attentively.
Every nation and every country has its own traditions and customs. In Britain traditions play a more important role in the life of people than in other countries. They say British people are very conservative. They are proud of their traditions and carefully keep them up. But when we speak about British traditions we always remember that there are four parts in Britain – England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Traditions are different in these parts of the country. You already know some of the English traditions and holidays. We hope you remember St. Valentine's Day, St. Patrick's Day, Halloween which have also become traditional British holidays. Here are some more facts about old English traditions. One of the old English legends says that London can be the capital of the country, rich and great until twelve black ravens live in the Tower of London. Each has got its name and the keepers carefully look after them. If one of the birds dies, another younger raven takes its place. Londoners believe this legend and always bring some food to give to the birds when they come to the Tower. The keepers cut the bird's wings a bit as they are afraid that they may fly away. People in Russia have their own special traditions. One of them is Maslenitsa – the holiday, which lasts for a week, to say “goodbye” to winter. People celebrate it at the end of February or at the beginning of March. During this holiday they celebrate the end of winter and the beginning of spring. In old times people usually cooked pancakes, had fires, burnt straw scarecrows of winter, they sang songs and danced. Now during “Maslenitsa week” people always cook pancakes. They invite their friends, their nearest to see each other and eat pancakes with sour cream, fish, caviar or butter, sugar, honey. Though different countries have different traditions and holidays people all over the world know some of them. They are – Easter, Christmas and New Year.
T: I shall give you these cards and you should write “False” or “True”.
1. Every country has its own traditions and customs.
2. There are no common traditions all over the world.
3. English people celebrate Maslenitsa.
4. There are some common holidays in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
5. London can be great until 10 black ravens live in the Tower.
6. Russian people seldom eat pancakes with caviar now.
5. Повторение грамматики (Question tags)
T: Make tag-questions.
1. People in Britain have rich traditions, .... ?
2. The British are not very friendly, ... ?
3. The Welsh like to sing during the festivals very much, ... ?
4. You are from Russia, .....?
5. Try to be more punctual,.The Englishmen like it, ....
Teacher: Singing songs is an old Russian tradition.
Songs about winter are very popular. Your foreign guests would be
happy to learn what these two songs are about.
Very shortly give the main ideas of the songs.
Звучат две песни на английском языке
Teacher - to the guests: Do you like the songs?
Do you want to come to Russia and enjoy winter?
You are welcome!
III. Подведение итогов урока. Оценки.
Teacher: Thank you for your excellent work.
1. You know a lot about customs and holidays of Great Britain.
2. You can listen to the text and understand it.
3. You can tell about British traditions.
The lesson is over! Good-bye!