Заседание английского клуба
“Welcome to Great Britain”
Составитель – Сазонкина Виктория Владимировна,
учитель английского языка высшей категории
МБОУ « Средняя общеобразовательная школа
с углубленным изучением отдельных предметов №52»
Пояснительная записка к работе В.В. Сазонкиной на тему «Добро пожаловать в Великобританию»
(Welcome to Great Britain)
Материалы, собранные и представленные под вышеуказанной темой, предназначены для внеклассного мероприятия «Клуб любителей английского языка». Главной из поставленных целей является развитие иноязычной коммуникативной компетенции в процессе работы над темами «Обычаи и традиции Великобритании», «Одежда», «Праздники», которые входят в обязательный перечень, согласно государственной программы.
Автор рецензируемой работы подготовила обширный и интересный, с точки зрения содержания, материал, который нацелен на расширение кругозора учащихся, на использование английского языка как средства общения, как инструмента познания и т.д..
Методика работы просматривается сквозь призму подготовленных текстов и может варьироваться по желанию любого учителя, который заинтересуется данным опытом.
Заседание английского клуба
“Welcome to Great Britain”
Цели:1. Развитие иноязычной коммуникативной компетенции.
2. Развитие речевой инициативы учащихся, особенно в
речевых ситуациях, предполагающих творческие
3. Формирование понимания важности изучения
иностранного языка в современном мире и потребности
пользоваться им как средством общения, познания,
самореализации и социальной адаптации.
4. Воспитание качеств гражданина и стремления к
взаимопониманию между людьми разных сообществ,
толерантного отношения к проявлениям иной культуры.
Dear guests, we are glad to meet you at the annual meeting of our English club. Today we are going to speak about the country the language of which we study.
It is hard to imagine any other country having such rich culture and interesting history.
From the time the Romans arrived in England (AD 43) to the present days Great Britain has gone through different periods.
Now it is a powerful country which has a highly developed industry and agriculture. In 1973 Britain joined the European Community (EC), a group of European countries that work together to make laws, to sign trade agreements and talk politics.
The official or political name of the country is THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND. At the United Nations and in the European Parliament, it is usually known as THE UNITED KINGDOM or under the abbreviation THE UK.
The country is often called BRITAIN. The poetic name of the country is ALBION. The geographical name of the country is THE BRITISH ISLES because the country occupies the islands, which are called the British Isles.
The Flag of the United Kingdom is called the Union Flag of THE UNION JACK.
In 1603, King James I of England (or Jack for short) united England and Scotland. Then in 1801, there appeared a union with Ireland. Now the flag combines the emblems of the three countries (England, Scotland and Northern Ireland) united under one monarch. Wales is not represented in the flag because at the time the flag appeared in 1606, Wales was already united with England.
The Union Jack is a combination of the crosses of three patron saints of the country:
the red cross of the Saint GEORGE for England on a white background;
the white diagonal cross of Saint ANDREW for Scotland on a blue background;
the red diagonal cross of Saint PATRICK for Ireland on a white background.
The State Emblem of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland shows the union of its four parts: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The emblem was introduced after the union with Scotland in 1603. The shield of the emblem is divided into four parts. There are emblems of England (three lions on a red background), emblem of Scotland (a red lion on a yellow background) and the emblem of Northern Ireland (a yellow harp on a blue background).
The two emblems of English lions symbolize the leading role of England in the union. The SHIELD is supported by two mythic animals: the ENGLISH LION and the SCOTTISH UNICORN. The emblem is headed with a crowned lion, the symbol of power and might. Below the emblem, there are floral symbols of the four parts of the country.
The national anthem of Great Britain.
The national anthem of Great Britain is “God Save the Queen”
The British national anthem originated in a patriotic song first performed in 1745. It became known as the National Anthem from the beginning of the nineteenth century.
On official occasions, only the first verse is usually sung, as follows:
God save our gracious Queen!
Long live our noble Queen!
God save our noble Queen
Send her victorious,
Happy and glorious,
Long to reign over us,
God save the Queen.
The second verse is only sung occasionally:
Thy choicest gifts in store
On her be pleased to pour,
Long may she reign.
May she defend our laws,
And give us ever cause,
To sing with heart and voice,
God save the Queen.
The British National Anthem represents the whole of the UK. However, Wales, Scotland and Ireland have other songs which they sing, especially when playing against England at sport matches.
Floral Symbols of the Parts of the UK.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland has four historic parts: England with its capital in London, Scotland with its capital in Edinburgh, Wales with its capital in Cardiff and Northern Ireland with its capital in Belfast. The floral symbol of England is the RED ROSE. The red rose has been its symbol since 1485.
The Irish symbol is another wild plant called the SHAMROCK. This plant helped St Patrick explain to the people of his country what the Holy Trinity is. A shamrock has three leaves to unify the Holy Trinity: God the Father, the Son of God and the Holy Spirit.
The Scottish symbol is a wild plant called the THISTLE. According to the legend, this plant saved the country from an enemy invasion.
The Welsh symbol is a vegetable called the LEEK (or, on occasion, the flower, the daffodil). The patron saint of Wales, David, ate only leeks and bread. In memory of this Christian saint, the leek became the symbol of Wales. Daffodils which burst into flames by the 1st of March celebrate the reserved Welsh saint.
LANGUAGES OF THE UNITED KINGDOM
The official language of the United Kingdom is English.
The Gaelik language is still used in parts of the Scottish Highlands and islands.
The Welsh language is spoken in some parts of Wales.
People who move to Britain are often bilingual. Indian and Pakistani children learn both their own language and English.
MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PEOPLE OF THE UK
Every country and every people in the world has its own traditions and holidays. We cannot learn a language well without studying culture and customs of the people who speak this language.
Some of the English customs are international. But they also have customs and traditions of their own.
It’s worth speaking about the people who inhabit England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland. The following remarks throw some light on features of their national character.
An Irishman dislikes working very much. If he doesn’t have to work, he would be a very happy man: he would get up late in the morning and eat a big plate of bacon for breakfast. He would then go to his favourite “pub” and have 3 glasses of beer and tell everybody that he did the day before. In the evening he would have a big meal and dance
and sing with his wife and friends.
He likes a good fight, his coloured ties, and the bar-maid in the pub, singing, beer and Ireland.
He doesn’t like rich Englishmen, people who don’t listen to his stories.
A Scotchman lives in the North. He goes to work every day wearing trousers, but he wears a kilt at the weekend and on special occasions. He is very proud. He likes to work and earn a lot of money, but doesn’t like to spend it. Scotland’s traditional musical instrument is a bagpipe. It sounds very beautifully if somebody plays it well, but it sounds horrible if a learner tries to play it.
A Scotchman likes his kilt, fishing, Scotch whisky and the Highland games.
He dislikes people who say he looks stupid in the kilt, people who wear kilts but are not Scotchmen.
The poem by R.Burns “My Heart’s in the Highlands”
My heart’s in the Highlands, my heart is not here;
My heart’s in the Highlands a-chasing the deer.
A-chasing the wild deer and foll’wing the roe;
My heart’s in the Highlands wherever I go.
Farewell to the Highlands, farewell to the North,
The birthplace of valour, the country of worth;
Wherever I wander, wherever I rove
The hills of the Highlands forever I love.
Farewell to the mountains high covered with snow;
Farewell to the straths and green valleys below;
Farewell to the forests and wild-hanging woods;
Farewell to the torrents and loud pouring floods.
My heart’s in the Highlands, my heart is not here;
My heart’s in the Highlands a-chasing the deer;
A-chasing the wild deer and foll’wing the roe;
My heart’s in the highlands wherever I go.
A Welshman as a rule works in a coalmine. Every day after work they meet in ”The Black Spade” and drink and sing together. They like to sing. They sing in a chapel every Sunday and in the coalmine. A Welshman speaks Welsh. He thinks that everybody should speak Welsh, because it is a very musical language. The harp is a national instrument of Welsh women.
A Welshman doesn’t like London because there are no mountains in London.
He likes music, poetry, fresh air, his family, his friends in the coalmine.
He doesn’t like people who say that the Welsh language is old-fashioned, big cities and English cooling.
Almost every nation has a reputation of some kind. The English are reputed to be cold, reserved, rather haughty people. They are steady, easy-going and fond of sports. There are certain kinds of behaviour, manners and customs which are peculiar to England.
The English are naturally polite and are never tired of saying “Thank you” and “I am sorry”. They are generally disciplined, you never hear loud talk in the street. They don’t rush for seats in buses and trains, but they take their seats in queues at bus stops. English people do not shake hands when meeting one another, they do not show their emotions even in tragic situations. They seem to remain good-tempered and cheerful even if they face difficulties.
The English are a nation of stay-at-homes. There is no place like home. The Englishman says “My home is my castle” because he doesn’t wish his doings to be overlooked by his neighbours. It is true that English people prefer small houses, built for one family. The fire is the focus of the English Home. The fire is the natural centre of interest in the room. They like to sit round the fire and watch the dancing flames, exchanging the day’s experience. In many houses you will still see fireplaces, sometimes with columns on each side and a shelf above it on which there is often a clock or a mirror or photos.
The love of gardens is deep-rooted in the British people. Most men’s conversations are about gardens. It may be a discussion of the best methods of growing cucumbers, a talk about the plot which differs from all the others.
The British like growing plants in a window-box outside the kitchen or in the garden near the house. They love flowers very much.
Britain is a nation of animal lovers. They have about five million dogs, almost as many cats, 3 million parrots and other cage birds, aquarium fish – and 1 million exotic pets such as reptiles. In Britain they have special dog shops selling food, clothes and other things for dogs. There are dog hair-dressing saloons and dog cemeteries. In Britain pets can send Christmas cards to their friends, birthday cards. Owners can buy for their pets jeweled nylon collars, a lambswool coat for a dog, lace-trimmed panties, night-gowns, pyjamas, and so on. There are special animal hotels at the airports. The English people believe that they are the only nation on the earth that is really kind to its animals.
How do the English people spend their weekends?
Those, who live in cities and towns, like to go out of town. They may go to stay in the country. Every Englishman is fond of the countryside, the fresh air and bright sun. No crowds of people, silence and leisure.
Those who stay at home try to do all the jobs, they were too busy to do during the week. Some go shopping on Saturday mornings, some do the house – washing, cleaning. Some men do and watch sporting events.
Saturday evening is the best time for parties, dances, going to the cinema or theatre.
On Sunday after breakfast they may go to work in the garden, take a dog for a walk, pay a visit to a pub. Sunday is a day for inviting friends and relatives to afternoon tea.
There are some traditions concerning food. English cooking is heavy, substantial and plain. The Englishman likes a good breakfast . To him a good breakfast means porridge, fish, bacon and eggs, a toast and marmalade, tea or coffee. It is the same day in day out.
Tea is part of the prose of British life, as necessary as potatoes and bread. Seven cups of it wake you up in the morning, 9 cups will put you to sleep at night.
The midday meal is called lunch. On week-days this meal consists of stew, fried fish, chops, liver or sausages, vegetables. Rice and macaroni are seldom served. Then goes an apple tart or hot milk pudding.
Sunday dinner is a special occasion. It is a joint of beef or lamb with vegetables. Then goes a large heavy pudding with custard.
From 4 to 6 there is a very light meal called 5 o’clock tea. It is a snack of thin bread and butter and cups of tea with small cakes. This has become a kind of a ritual. At this time everything stops for tea. Dinner (usually at 6 p.m.) is much like lunch and is in many families the last meal of the day. Supper is a snack of bread and cheese and cocoa.
The traditional food of the people of Scotland is “Huggis’’. Here is what Robert Burns said about it.
Ода шотландскому пудингу “Хаггис’’.
В тебе я славлю командира
Всех пудингов горячих мира,
Могучий Хаггис ,полный жира
Строчу, пока мне служит лира,
Дородный, плотный, крутобокий,
Ты высишься, как холм далекий,
А под тобой поднос широкий
Чуть не трещит.
Но как твои ласкают соки
С полей вернувшись, землеробы,
Сойдясь вокруг твоей особы,
Тебя проворно режут, чтобы
Весь жар и пыл
Твоей дымящейся утробы
Нам миг не стыл.
И вот доносится до слуха
Стук ложек, звякающих глухо.
Когда ж плотнее станет брюхо,
Старик, молясь, гудит, как муха,
От пищи пьян.
Пусть тот, кто любит стол французский-
Рагу и всякие закуски
(Хотя от этакой нагрузки
И свиньям вред!),
С презреньем щурит глаз свой узкий
На наш обед.
Но- бедный шут!-от пищи жалкой
Его нога не толще палки,
А вместо мускулов-мочалки,
В бою, в горячей перепалке,
Он сзади всех.
А тот, кому ты служишь пищей,
Согнет подкову в кулачище.
Когда ж в такой реке засвищет
Врага уносят на кладбище
Без рук, без ног.
Молю я Промысел небесный:
И в будний день и в день воскресный
Нам не давай похлебки пресной.
Яви нам благость-
И ниспошли родной, чудесный
COSTUMES AND CLOTHES
Lots of ordinary clothes have a long tradition. The famous bowler hat, for example. A man called Beaulieu made the first one in 1850.
The British soldier, Wellington, gave his name to a pair of boots. They have a shorter name today – “Wellies”.
The very cold winters in the Crimea in the war of 1853-56 gave us the names of the cardigan and the balaclava. Lord Cardigan led the Light Brigade at the battle of Balaclava (1854). A “cardigan” is now a warm woolen short coat with buttons and a “balaclava” is a woolen hat.
A balaclava is known as a balaclava helmet ski mask. The name “balaclava” comes from the town of Balaclava, near Sevastopol in the Crimea. During the Crimea War, the knitted balaclavas were sent over to the British troops to help protect them from the bitter cold weather.
The Welsh wear the same things as the English except on special occasions. The Welsh women wear red cloaks (плащ, мантия), long skirts, aprons and high black hats on their heads. The men don’t have a national costume.
Scotland is well known to the world for its traditional costume, the kilt. The kilt is a short skirt worn as part of the dress of men. It was the dress of the old-time Highlanders. The kilt is also worn by women and children.
Tam-o’-shanter is a Scottish woolen cap with a bobble on top named after the hero of Burns’ poem (“Burns’ Night”).
Brogues are a type of walking shoes, often with ornamental decorations in the form of small holes. Today, in addition to their typical form, brogues may also take the form of business dress shoes, sneakers, high-heeled women shoes.
The Aran sweater is a style of jumper that takes its name from the Aran Island off the west cost of Ireland. It is sometimes known as a fisherman sweater.
The Aran sweater is part of the national costume of Ireland.
The United Kingdom is a parliamentary monarchy. But it is well known that the monarchy today has no power. Some people say that the country does not need a king or a queen. But the British love their Queen as they love traditions.
Here are some interesting facts about the Queen.
Interesting facts about the Queen.
1 The Queen is the fifth longest serving British monarch. Only four other kings and queens in British history have reigned for 54 years or more. They are: Queen Victoria, King George III, James IV of Scotland, King Henry III.
2. The Queen and Duke of Edinburgh have been married for 60 years. They were married on 20 November 1947 in Westminster Abbey.
3. The Queen sends telegrams to people who reach the grand age of 100 years. The Queen has sent 100000 telegrams to centenarians in the UK and the Commonwealth.
4. The Queen has two birthdays. The Queen’s real birthday is on 21 April and the date is a private celebration. The Queen’s public birthday is celebrated is June with Trooping of the Colours.
5. Queen Elizabeth II is the first monarch to send her children to boarding schools in order to remove them from ever-probing media.
TRADITIONS AND CUSTOMS
One of the English proverbs says: “So many countries so many customs”. The combination of the words “tradition” and “custom” means a usual manner of doing something, a belief in principal in conduct passed on from generation to generation. English traditions can be subdivided into the traditions dealing with private life of the English nation and religious holidays, public celebrations, traditional ceremonies and traditional sporting events. A great number of customs and traditions date back to the early days of GB. To know the customs and traditions means to understand the people, their art and culture better.
The British have many traditions, manners and customs of which they can be proud. England has preserved its old ceremonies and traditions. Most of these traditions have been kept up without interruption since the thirteenth century.
Christmas Day, December 25, is probably the most popular holiday in Great Britain. It is a family holiday. Traditionally all relatives and friends give each other presents. So before Christmas all the department stores and shops are crowded, everybody is choosing a present. In general, people get prepared for this holiday very carefully.
In Great Britain the Christmas tree became popular when Queen Victoria used it. On the eve of Christmas children hang their stockings so that Santa Claus could put presents into them: oranges, sweets, nuts and if the child didn’t behave properly Santa Claus can put a piece of coal as punishment.
Carol singing is an essential part of Christmas. No church or school can do without its carol service. Carols may be traditional or by known composers. They can express different feelings.
Usually children come around in the evening to the front doors and start singing carols and the people living in these houses give children candies, nuts, pies and so on, to thank them for carol singing.
A typical Christmas lunch includes a turkey with cranberry sauce and pudding. Every young woman in the household helps to stir the Christmas pudding if she wishes to be married that year.
Easter is one of the most important holidays. It is either in March or in April. Millions of English people observe Christ’s resurrection.
In England tradition of celebrating Easter is deep-rooted in the history of the nation. It is a church holiday.
Traditionally Easter parades of people in bright new spring clothes are held on this day. There is a popular belief that wearing 3 new things on Easter will bring good luck.
Easter is the time for giving and receiving presents. Traditionally they take the form of an Easter egg. The Easter egg is the most popular emblem of Easter .They traditionally decorate eggs for children. Eggs are hidden in the yards. Little children believe that the Easter rabbit comes and leaves eggs for them. Easter candies are made in the form of eggs, little chickens and rabbits. Nowadays there are a lot of chocolate Easter eggs, having small gifts inside. But a real hard-boiled egg, decorated and painted in bright colours, still appears on breakfast tables on Easter Day.
Egg-rolling is a traditional Easter pastime.
Saint Valentine’s Day
In Europe, North America and Australia, February 14th is famous as St Valentine’s Day. On that day people send valentines, special cards with an affectionate message, to their husbands and wives, boyfriends and girlfriends, parents and children, relatives and even neighbours. You can also send a card to a person you don’t know. But traditionally you must never write your name on it, and for the person whom you send this card it is interesting to guess who has sent it. You had better change your handwriting as well.
The word “valentine” may mean a special little present. It may also be a sweetheart chosen on this day.
There are a lot of traditions and superstitions connected with St. Valentine’s Day. Most of them have died out. Some of them have survived. Today Valentine’s Day remains, as ever, a day to express love and its main meaning is a sentimental one.
My love is like a red, red rose.
By Robert Burns
O my Luve’s like a red, red rose,
That’s newly sprung in June;
O my Live’s like the melodie
That’s sweetly play’d in tune.
As far art thou, my bonnie lass,
So deer in luve am I;
And I will love thee still, my Dear,
Till a’the seae gang dry.
Till a’the seas gang dry, my Dear,
And the rocks melt wi’the sun:
I will love thee still, my Dear,
While the sands o’life shall run.
And fare the weel, my only Luve!
And fare thee weel, a while!
And I will come again, my Luve,
Tho ‘it were ten thousand mile!
People of all ages send valentines, serious and comic, to their own true loves, but also to family members and friends.
Traditional valentine cards are in verse and sentimental in nature:
I’ ll be your sweetheart,
If you will be mine,
All of my life
I’ll be your Valentine.
Just one more way,
Sweetheart to say I love you
Just one more way
To tell you that I care
Because your world,
Sweetheart is one I share
February 14th is the day to send little gifts to those you love. Flowers and sweets are favourite presents. As the day approaches, shops are filled with red, heart-shaped boxes of chocolate; the florists sell thousands of red roses – a symbol of love.
St.Valentine’s Day is not a public holiday. Banks and offices do not close. It is a happy little festival, especially for children and young people. It is also the day to have romantic dinners.
31 October is Halloween. This pagan festival celebrates the return of the souls of the dead who come back to visit places where they used to live. In the evening there are lots of Halloween parties, or fancy dress parties. People dress up as witches, devils, ghosts, cats, bats or anything scary. Houses are decorated with pumpkins with candles put inside. Some children follow the American customs called Trick or Threat. They knock at your house and ask, “Trick or Treat?” If you give them some money or some sweats (a treat), they go away. Otherwise, they play a trick on you, like squirting water in your face.
by Jack Prelutsky
Trick or treat, trick or treat,
Give us something good to eat.
Give us candy, give us cake,
Give us something good to take.
Give us cookies, fruit and gum,
Hurry up and give us some.
You had better do it quick
Or we’ll surely play a trick.
Trick or treat, trick or treat,
Give us something good to eat.
Children still go begging for treats. However, over the last few years, school, church and neighborhood parties are replacing the customs of trick or treating from house to house. More and more adults are also celebrating Halloween with masquerade parties in which they dress up like political and historical figures, or just plain scary fellows from recent horror films like ghosts, vampires, goblins, Frankenstein, etc. Witches flying on broomsticks with black cats, skeletons, spiders and haunted houses are other symbols of Halloween.
“What have you come for?”
There was an old woman who lived all by herself, and she was very lonely. Sitting in the kitchen one night, she said, “Oh, I wish I had some company”.
No sooner had she spoken than down the chimney tumbled two feet from which the flesh had rotted. The old woman’s eyes bulged with terror.
Then two legs dropped to the hearth and attached themselves to the feet.
Then a body tumbled down, then two arms, and a man’s head. As the old woman watched, the parts came together into a great, tall man. The man danced around and around the room. Faster and faster he went. Then he stopped, and he looked into her eyes.
“What have you come for?” she asked in a small voice that shivered and shook.
“What have I come for?” he said. “I have come for you!!!”
From Scotland to Cornwall, Britain is rich in customs and traditions. A lot of them have a very long history. Some are funny and some are strange. But they are all interesting. There are traditions in British sport and music. There is a long menu of traditional British food.
There are many royal occasions. There are songs, sayings and superstitions. They are all part of the British way of life.
Kathleen Carrol, Marina Novikova “Holidays Go Round and Round”, St. Petersburg, 1996, Triada Publishing
Tim Wood, “Great Britain”, Moscow, 1993, изд. “Eng-Рус”
Newspaper “The English,” April № 14/1996
Newspaper “The English,” March №12/1997
Newspaper “The English” March №12/1995
Newspaper “English Learner’s Digest”, April, 1995
Newspaper “English Learner’s Digest”, April, 1997
Magazine “Эхо планеты” № 41(340). 1994
Magazine “Clockwork” MGP international, №4, Moscow, “Prosveshcheniye”, 1994
10.Magazine “Speak out”, №2, 1996,Moscow, “Glossa”
11.Magazine “Speak out” №1, 1996, Moscow, “Glossa”
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