План-конспект открытого урока по английскому языку на тему «Здоровье и здоровый образ жизни» учителя английского языка ГБОУ СОШ №814 г. Москвы Сорокиной Ирины Владимировны ( 9 класс )
Цели: обобщить и систематизировать знания учащихся по теме «Здоровье».
- образовательные: развитие навыков говорения, чтения, произносительных навыков, отработка навыков выполнения заданий в формате ЕГЭ, развитие навыков диалогической речи; способствовать выработке умений формировать устные неподготовленные сообщения с опорой на источник информации, на жизненный и речевой опыт.
- развивающие: повышение мотивации к изучению иностранного языка, развитие навыка языковой догадки, интеллекта, памяти, внимания.
- воспитательные: создание условий для формирования ясных представлений школьника о здоровом образе жизни, формирование необходимости беречь здоровье; умения работать в парах, самостоятельно
Тип урока: закрепление полученных ЗУН.
Вид урока: урок - практикум по аудированию, чтению, говорению, письму.
Методы обучения по степени самостоятельности мышления учащихся: репродуктивные, продуктивные; по степени управления учебной работой: под управлением учителя, самостоятельная работа.
1. Приветствие и оргмомент. (1 мин)
Good afternoon, boys and girls. Sit down, please. I’m glad to see you. By the way, how are you today?
2. Речевая разминка. (2 мин)
I’d like to start the lesson with the proverbs. Look at the screen and match the beginnings and the endings of the proverbs.
An apple a day / is above wealth
Good health / keeps a man healthy, wealthy and wise.
Early to bed and early to rise / keeps the doctor away.
Good health / is above wealth.
Envy is / like rottenness.
Laughter is / the best medicine.
3. Объявление целей урока. (1 мин)
All these proverbs concern one topic and that is the topic of our lesson today. What is it? What is going to be the topic of our lesson today? (They answer)
Right you are. It’s health and keeping fit. Today we’ll revise everything we’ve learnt about health and body care and at the end of the lesson we’ll make the rules how to keep fit.
4. Фонетическая зарядка:
People sometimes say to me:
Tell me, what you want to be?
I usually answer “ I don’t know”,
But it isn’t really so:
I want to win an Olympic race,
I want to see the Earth from space,
I want to travel to Kilimanjaro,
I want to be rich and famous too.
I want to star on Hollywood’s screen,
I want to invent a new machine,
I want to be very clever and wise,
I want to win the Nobel Prize.
But most of all, I want to be,
Healthy, strong and happy.
4. Повторение ЛЕ по теме. (2-3 мин)
Unfortunately a lot of people fall ill every day and they don’t go in for sport. Let’s revise the words you’ve learnt. Look at your cards and complete the sentences.
It’s a dangerous disease.( cancer)
You should reduce it to be healthy. ( weight)
They are very useful for your health. ( vitamins)
It is one of the modern bad habits. ( smoking)
When we are ill or catch a cold we have it. ( cough)
He is a person, who follows a diet. ( slimmer)
5. Задания на заполнение пропусков. Повторение косвенной речи. (7-10 мин)
Look at the second card.This is Ann. She is ill. If you fill in the gaps in your activity sheets you’ll learn what the matter with her is.
Task 1. Fill in the gaps with the words given below.
Yesterday Ann fell … . She had a bad … . It … when she moved. Besides, she was constantly … and … . The doctor came. He listened to her … and … . Then he took Ann’s … . It was rather high. The doctor told Ann to take some … for her cold.
Headache, temperature, ill, hurt, lungs, sneezing, chest, coughing, medicine.
So, we’ve found out that Ann is ill. Her mother loves her very much and tries to encourage her. It is what she said. Report the sentences into indirect speech.
Ann’s mother told her, “You will stay in bed till tomorrow.”
“Your temperature isn’t very high today.”
“We shall go to the doctor in three days.”
“The doctor prescribed a very good medicine for you. It will definitely help.”
“Don’t worry. You will recover soon.”
6. Развитие навыка работы с текстом.
Teacher: eating habits have much in common in many countries. Look through the text “ Eating Habits in Britain” and write an outline and the summery of it.
The traditional British breakfast is a cooked meal of bacon, eggs and sausages, preceded by cereal or fruit and followed by toast. Nowadays , this large mral is served mainly in hotels and is very popular with foreign visitors. Britons may eat this big breakfast at weekends or on special occasions but they prefer a smaller, healthier meal to start a normal day.lunch is a light meal and is eaten at school or at work at about 1 p.m. lunch takes 30-40 minutes. Some offices have installed a microwave oven for employees to use. Popular lunchers are: a salad or a sandwich; a baked potato; beans on toast.
Snacks are very popular in Britain, and many people frequently eat snacks between meals. Schools may also samamell snacks, such as crisps, chocolate, sweets and biscuits. Instant snacks are the fastest-growing sector of the food market.
Dinner is usually the main meal of the day and consists of two courses – meat or fish and vegetables followed by a dessert or pudding. Convenience and frozen foods are especially popular. Convenience meals are already cooked, all you have to do is to heat them up in the microwave. Most supermarkets sell a range of prepacked meals to be heated in the microwave.
Take-aways became extremely popular in the 1980s. the traditional British take away is fish and chips eaten with salt and vinegar. Some fish and chips still wrap your meal in newspapers, others use special bags to keep it warm. Some give you a plastic fork. Most towns and cities now offer a wide range of take-away meal, from American-stily hamburgers toTurkish kebabs. Many families prefer to eat take-away food for dinner instead of cooking.
The Briatish are famous for their love of sweet things, and afternoon tea with sandwiches, scones, jam and several different kinds of coke was once a traditional custom. Like the English cooked breakfast, it is now more often found in teashops and hotels than in private homes, and you can buy special guidebooks to tell you where the best afternoon teas are served. Most working people do not have taes as an afternoon meal, but they do have a sport break in the middle of the afternoon for a cup of tea. Tea is often drunk with lunch and dinner. Since the 1970s eating habits in Brirain have undergone a change. People started to eat less fat and more fibre. Fat is believed to be one of the major causes of obesity and heart disease. Forty per cent of adults in Britain are overweight. High fibre foods and low fat foods can now be found in all shops and supermarkets.
The British have also started to count calories. They try to take in fewer calories and to follow a calorie-controlled diet. One of the fastest-growing sectors of the food market in Britain is slimming foods.
7. Релаксационная пауза( 2 мин.)
Listen to the song “ Daddy Cool”, please. It can be also a dance.
8. Развитие навыка аудирования. (7 мин)
I’ll repeat and I think you’ll agree with me that nobody wants to be ill. Listen to the text and tell me the ways to keep fit.
Good health is not something we are able to buy at the chemist’ and we can’t depend on getting it back with a quick visit to the doctor when we are ill, either. We often ruin our health by poor diet, stress, bad working environment and carelessness. By keeping fit, changing bad habits or the surrounding conditions we can make our body last without major problems. And what are the ways to keep fit?
First of all you must miss no chance of outdoor activities as an antidote to our sedentary lives. Skating or skiing in winter and swimming in summer must become part of your everyday life.
Second, exercise. You must exercise whenever you can – in the morning or in the evening. Third, regular meals are a must if you want to keep fit. Try to avoid going without any food for hours.
Nowadays, health specialists promote the idea of wellness for everybody. Wellness means achieving the best possible health within the limits of your body. One person may need fewer calories than another. Some people might prefer a lot easier exercise to more strenuous exercise.
The English people have become very concerned about their health recently. In fact, fitness has become almost a national obsession. In large cities and towns alike people jog regularly, join sports teams and going to health clubs and Fitness Centers to work out.
Now be ready to answer my questions.
1) How do we ruin our health?
2) What idea do health specialists promote nowadays?
3) What is wellness?
4) What is a national obsession today?
5) How do people keep fit in big cities?
6) What are the ways to keep fit?
8. Развитие навыка устной речи. (5 мин)
Now you know what to do to be healthy and fit. So, you can give advice. Now let’s read the situation and help the person.
B. George Smith smokes 40 cigarettes a day. He gets up late every morning, and drives to a café in the next street. He has a big breakfast and takes three spoons of sugar in his tea. Then he drives to the pub, and has 3 or 4 pints of beer before a big lunch. He never has any fruit after his lunch, because he prefers to have cake or sweets. The only exercise he gets is when he walks upstairs for his afternoon sleep. Later, he has a few more pints of beer and a big dinner, and then he watches television till midnight. At 2.00 he goes to bed, has a few last cigarettes, and goes to sleep with all his windows closed.
Let’s sum up the information we’ve learnt. What are the ways to keep fit?
We should avoid different bad habits.
Joined by less dangerous habits, they affect our health.
.What is tasty is not always healthy.
The fashion for healthy food is growing all the time.
There are a lot of ways to lose weight and avoid gaining it.
People follow a calorie- controlled diet.
Excessive dieting is dangerous.
The way to stay healthy is physical activity.
It is necessary to take care of health.
Regularity promotes health.
9. Домашнее задание. (1 мин)
Right down your homework. At home you’ll write the essay on the topic “How to keep fit”.
10. Подведение итогов. Выставление оценок. Рефлексия. (1 мин)
I liked your work at the lesson. I’ll give an excellent (good, satisfactory) mark to …
The lesson is over.
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