Метапредметная работа по английскому языку для 8 класса.
Read the text “Winning at all costs” and put the paragraphs in the correct order.
What kinds of drugs are used by some people in sport?
Anabolic steroids resemble male hormones. “Anabolic” means “to build up” – in this case to build up muscles. Body-builders use anabolic steroids in order to look good in competitions.
Stimulants make you feel full of energy and confidence, but they can also make you feel more aggressive. They are illegal and officially banned in sport.
Taking substances to improve sports achievements is not new. Athletes in ancient Egypt drank a special mixture with boiled donkey hoof, in ancient Greece a special diet of figs was used.
All of these things can cause severe health problems including liver cancer, heart disease and even death. And yet athletes still abuse their bodies. Some of them will pay a very high price for winning.
Last summer a lot of Russian sportsmen were banned from the Summer Olympic games in Brazil because of the drugs which were found in their blood. Many kinds of drugs are used by athletes competing in sports all over the world and it is much discussed nowadays. Some are used to build muscles or to give the athlete extra energy. Others kill pain of injuries or calm nerves.
Choose the heading for each paragraph:
Drugs that build up muscles.
Drugs that give extra energy.
Drugs in ancient times.
Drugs in sport now.
Answer the questions:
Why were some of Russian athletes banned from the last Summer Olympic Games?
Why do sportsmen all over the world use drugs?
Athletes in ancient times didn’t use drugs, did they?
Are the drugs dangerous for people?
What is the main idea of the text?
How would you phrase (formulate) a slogan for this text?
Fill in the table using the information of the text.
(1point for each correct answer, max 13)
Find a word or a phrase in the text that means:
something that against the law
not used properly
people whose profession is sport
something that can be harmful
a drink in medicine
not to allow to do something
in all the countries, everywhere
to remind something or somebody
Complete the table.
Complete the table showing which prepositions go with the expressions. The first has been done for you.
Find the word in the text with opposite meaning.
Всего – 100 баллов
Повышенный уровень – 81 – 100 баллов
Базовый уровень – 50 – 80 баллов
Пониженный уровень – 49 и меньше баллов
1 – E, 2 – C, 3 – A, 4 – B, 5- D.
E – 5, C – 4, A – 2, B – 3, D – 1.
1. Some Russian sportsmen were banned from the last Summer Olympic games because of the drugs which were found in their blood.
2. Sportsmen all over the world use drugs to improve sports achievements.
3. Athletes in ancient times also used drugs.
4. Yes, they are. The drugs are very dangerous for people, they can cause different diseases and even death.
IV. Student’s own ideas. For example:
The main idea of the text is that drugs are very dangerous and can do people a lot of harm. What is more sportsmen mustn’t use them to improve their results because it isn’t fair. Taking drugs for this purpose is unacceptable.
V. Student’s own ideas. For example:
1. We are against drugs in sport.
2. We are for a healthy way of life.
3. We are for fair sport.
VI.make you feel more aggressive:
to get extra energy and confidence
to kill pain
to calm nerves
something that against the law - illegal
not used properly - abused
people whose profession is sport – athletes (sportsmen)
can do somebody harm - dangerous
a drink in medicine - mixture
not to allow to do something - ban
in all the countries, everywhere – all over the world
to remind something or somebody - resemble
ancient – new
more – less
good – bad
before – after
high – low
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